"Pada Seva means to serve the lotus feet of Guru and Krishna.You cannot serve Krishna without Guru, or serve just Guru without serving Krishna. They must be served or offered pada seva simultaneously." - Srila Prabhupada

  • "A highly advanced Vaisnava lives in such a way that no one can understand what he is or what he was." (Srimad-Bhagavatam, 7.3.14, Purport)
  • "... there is nothing as profitable as the association of pure devotees." (Teachings of Lord Caitanya, Page 341)
  • "By the mercy of the spiritual master one receives the benediction of Krsna. Without the grace of the spiritual master, one cannot make any advancement." (Sri Sri Gurv-astaka, Verse 8)
  • "A pure devotee cannot forget the Supreme Lord for a moment, and similarly, the Supreme Lord cannot forget His pure devotee for a moment." (Bhagavad-gita As It Is, 8.15, Purport)
  • "The Spiritual Master is present wherever his sincere disciple is trying to serve his instructions. " (Srila Prabhupada letter, 12/01/73)
  • "I was born in the darkest ignorance, and my spiritual master opened my eyes with the torchlight of knowledge. I offer my respectful obeisances unto him." (Sri Guru Pranama)
  • "My dear Partha, one who claims to be My devotee is not so. Only a person who claims to be the devotee of My devotee is actually My devotee." (Lord Krsna, Adi Purana)
  • "Pure devotees of the Lord are more powerful than the waters of the sacred river Ganges. One can derive spiritual benefit out of prolonged use of the Ganges waters. But one can be sanctified at once by the mercy of a pure devotee of the Lord." (Srimad-Bhagavatam, 1.1.15, Purport)
  • "No one can approach the Supreme Personality of Godhead directly. One must approach Him through His pure devotees." (Nectar of Devotion, Chapter 12)
  • "Real knowledge can be obtained from a person who is in perfect Krsna consciousness. Therefore, one has to seek out such a bona fide spiritual master and, under him, learn what Krsna consciousness is. The spiritual master can drive away all nescience, as the sun drives away darkness." (Bhagavad-gita As It Is, 5.16, Purport)
Showing posts with label Vishnu. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Vishnu. Show all posts

Qualities of Krishna

Qualities of Krishna - An answer to Why Krishna is The Supreme Personality of Godhead, what are the sixty-four (64) qualities of Krishna, what are the qualities of Vishnu, Siva and Brahma.

Qualities of Krishna


The Divine and Transcendental Qualities of Krishna


ananta kṛṣṇera guṇa, cauṣaṭṭi — pradhāna
eka eka guṇa śuni’ juḍāya bhakta-kāṇa

“The transcendental qualities of Lord Kṛṣṇa are unlimited. Out of these, sixty-four are considered prominent. The ears of the devotees are satisfied simply by hearing all these qualities one after the other.
[Sri Caitanya Caritamrita - Madhya-līlā 23.69] 
Attempting to analyze the transcendental qualities of Krishna is like counting the ocean waves. Like Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, who is Krishna Himself , has said - Krishna has unlimited qualities. Out of which 64 are most prominent. This article will be attempting to discuss on these 64 qualities.

ahaṁ sarvasya prabhavo
mattaḥ sarvaṁ pravartate
iti matvā bhajante māṁ
budhā bhāva-samanvitāḥ

I am the source of all spiritual and material worlds. Everything emanates from Me. The wise who perfectly know this engage in My devotional service and worship Me with all their hearts.
[Bhagavad Gita - 10.8]

na me viduḥ sura-gaṇāḥ
prabhavaṁ na maharṣayaḥ
aham ādir hi devānāṁ
maharṣīṇāṁ ca sarvaśaḥ

Neither the hosts of demigods nor the great sages know My origin or opulences, for, in every respect, I am the source of the demigods and sages.
[Bhagavad Gita - 10.2]
From the above verses of Bhagavad Gita, one can clearly understand Krishna as the Origin of entire creation, including all Demi-Gods and Sages.

ete cāṁśa-kalāḥ puṁsaḥ
kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayam
indrāri-vyākulaṁ lokaṁ
mṛḍayanti yuge yuge

All of the above-mentioned incarnations are either plenary portions or portions of the plenary portions of the Lord, but Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa is the original Personality of Godhead. All of them appear on planets whenever there is a disturbance created by the atheists. The Lord incarnates to protect the theists.
[Srimad Bhagavatam 1.3.28] 
From the above verse of Srimad Bhagavatam, one can clearly understand Krishna as The Original Personality of Godhead and as the fountainhead of all incarnations including Balaram, Narayan, Vishnu.



Three Tattvas - Vishnu, Siva and Jiva




So Krishna is the original living entity and from Him emanates many other living entities, which can be classified in three grades, as explained below

For example, some electric bulbs have the power of one thousand candles, some have the power of five hundred candles, some the power of one hundred candles, some fifty candles, etc., but all electric bulbs have light. Light is present in every bulb, but the gradations of light are different. Similarly, there are gradations of Brahman. The Viṣṇu svāṁśa expansions of the Supreme Lord in different Viṣṇu forms are like lamps, Lord Śiva is also like a lamp, and the supreme candle power, or the one-hundred-percent light, is Kṛṣṇa. The viṣṇu-tattva has ninety-four percent, the śiva-tattva has eighty-four percent, Lord Brahmā has seventy-eight percent, and the living entities are also like Brahmā, but in the conditioned state their power is still more dim. There are gradations of Brahman, and no one can deny this fact.
[Srimad Bhagavatam 4.1.15 - Purport ]


The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krishna, is the origin. 

According to the Vedic conception, there are two types of expansions: 
  1. God's personal expansions, called viṣṇu-tattva,  
  2. His partial part-and-parcel expansions, called jīva-tattva. 
There are many varieties of personal expansions: puruṣa-avatāras, śaktyāveśa-avatāras, manvantara-avatāras, and so on. 

For the creation of this material world, the Lord expands as Brahmā, Viṣṇu, and Maheśvara (Śiva). 

Viṣṇu is a personal expansion, and Brahmā is a jīva-tattva expansion. Even we and all demigods fall under this category. Between the personal viṣṇu-tattva expansions and the jīva-tattva expansions is a kind of intermediate expansion called Śiva, or Maheśvara. 



Qualities of Jiva Tattva




Out of the 64 Qualities of Krishna, the first fifty (50) qualities may appear partially in Jiva. These will be more prominent in Lord Brahma, however for us in a conditioned state, these might not manifest in full. 

jīveṣv ete vasanto ’pi
bindu-bindutayā kvacit
paripūrṇatayā bhānti
tatraiva puruṣottame

‘These qualities are sometimes very minutely exhibited in living beings, but they are fully manifested in the Supreme Personality of Godhead.’
[Sri Caitanya Caritamrita - Madhya-līlā 23.77] 




Qualities of Siva Tattva




The above mentioned qualities are also present in demigods like Lord Siva. Apart from above 50, 5 more Qualities of Krishna partially appear in Siva Tattva, so total of 55 qualities out of 64 qualities of Krishna.

atha pañca-guṇā ye syur
aṁśena giriśādiṣu

‘Apart from these fifty qualities, there are five other qualities found in the Supreme Personality of Godhead that are partially present in demigods like Śiva.
[Sri Caitanya Caritamrita - Madhya-līlā 23.77] 




Qualities of Vishnu Tattva




All the above qualities appear in full in Visnhu Tattva (Personal expansion of Krishna - like Narayan, Vishnu, Narasimha Dev etc). Apart from above 55, 5 more Qualities of Krishna are present in Vishnu Tattva. So Vishnu Tattva has 60 qualities out of 64 qualities of Krishna.

athocyante guṇāḥ pañca
ye lakṣmīśādi-vartinaḥ
avicintya-mahā-śaktiḥ
koṭi-brahmāṇḍa-vigrahaḥ


There are another five qualities, which exist in the Vaikuṇṭha planets in Nārāyaṇa, the Lord of Lakṣmī. These qualities are also present in Kṛṣṇa, but they are not present in demigods like Lord Śiva or in other living entities.
[Sri Caitanya Caritamrita - Madhya-līlā 23.80] 




List of Qualities - Jiva Tattva




  1.  Beautiful features of the entire body
  2.  Marked with all auspicious characteristics
  3.  Extremely pleasing
  4.  Effulgent
  5.  Strong
  6.  Ever youthful
  7.  Wonderful linguist
  8.  Truthful
  9.  Talks pleasingly
  10.  Fluent
  11.  Highly learned
  12.  Highly intelligent
  13.  Genius
  14.  Artistic
  15.  Extremely clever
  16.  Expert
  17.  Grateful
  18.  Firmly determined
  19.  An expert judge of time and circumstances
  20.  Sees and speaks on the authority of Vedas, or scriptures
  21.  Pure
  22.  Self-controlled
  23.  Steadfast
  24.  Forbearing
  25.  Forgiving
  26.  Grave
  27.  Self-satisfied
  28.  Possessing equilibrium
  29.  Magnanimous
  30.  Religious
  31.  Heroic
  32.  Compassionate
  33.  Respectful
  34.  Gentle
  35.  Liberal
  36.  Shy
  37.  The protector of surrendered souls
  38.  Happy
  39.  The well-wisher of devotees
  40.  Controlled by love
  41.  all-auspicious
  42.  Most powerful
  43.  all-famous
  44.  Popular
  45.  Partial to devotees
  46.  Very attractive to all women
  47.  all-worship able
  48.  all-opulent
  49.  all-honourable
  50.  The supreme controller.




List of Extra - Qualities - Siva Tattva




Besides all of the above-mentioned fifty qualities, Lord Krishna possesses five more, which are sometimes partially manifested in Lord Siva. These transcendental qualities are as follows:


  1.  Changeless
  2.  all-cognizant
  3.  Ever fresh
  4.  sac-cid-ananda (possessing an eternal blissful body
  5.  Possessing all mystic perfections.




List of Extra - Qualities - Vishnu Tattva




Krishna also possesses five other qualities, which are manifest in the body of Narayana / Vishnu, and they are listed as follows:


  1.  He has inconceivable potency.
  2.  Uncountable universes generate from His body.
  3.  He is the original source of all incarnations.
  4.  He is the giver of salvation to the enemies whom He kills.
  5.  He is the attractor of liberated souls.




List of Extra - Qualities - Krishna




Besides these sixty transcendental qualities, Krishna has four more, which are not manifested even in the Vishnu / Narayana form of Godhead, what to speak of the demigods or living entities. They are as follows:


  1.  He is the performer of wonderful varieties of pastimes (especially His childhood pastimes
  2.  He is surrounded by devotees endowed with wonderful love of Godhead.
  3.  He can attract all living entities all over the universes by playing on His flute.
  4.  He has a wonderful excellence of beauty which cannot be rivaled anywhere in the creation.



Therefore we can summarize as

Qualities_Of_Krishna_Vishnu_Shiva_Jiva_PadaSeva.in

Lord Krishna.         64 qualities or 100%
Vishnu Tattva.        60 qualities or ~94%
Shiva Tattva.           54 qualities or ~84%
Jiva Tattva.             50 qualities or ~78%

To know more about Krishna who is also known as Param Purushottam, Purnavatar or Supreme Personality of Godhead, please read our article - Is Krishna Avatar of Vishnu?

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Reference from Srimad Bhagavatam 1.3.28:

Learned scholars in transcendental subjects have carefully analyzed the summum bonum Krsna to have sixty-four principal attributes. All the expansions or categories of the Lord possess only some percentages of these attributes. But Sri Krsna is the possessor of the attributes cent percent. 

And His personal expansions such as svayam-prakasa, tad-ekatma up to the categories of the avataras who are all visnu-tattva, possess up to ninety-three percent of these transcendental attributes. 

Lord Siva, who is neither avatara nor avesa nor in between them, possesses almost eighty-four percent of the attributes. 

But the jivas, or the individual living beings in different statuses of life, possess up to the limit of seventy-eight percent of the attributes. In the conditioned state of material existence, the living being possesses these attributes in very minute quantity, varying in terms of the pious life of the living being. The most perfect of living beings is Brahma, the supreme administrator of one universe. He possesses seventy-eight percent of the attributes in full. 

All other demigods have the same attributes in less quantity, whereas human beings possess the attributes in very minute quantity. The standard of perfection for a human being is to develop the attributes up to seventy-eight percent in full.

The living being can never possess attributes like Siva, Visnu or Lord Krsna. A living being can become godly by developing the seventy-eight-percent transcendental attributes in fullness, but he can never become a God like Siva, Visnu or Krsna. He can become a Brahma in due course. 

The godly living beings who are all residents of the planets in the spiritual sky are eternal associates of God in different spiritual planets called Hari-dhama and Mahesa-dhama. 

The abode of Lord Krsna above all spiritual planets is called Krsnaloka or Goloka Vrndavana, and the perfected living being, by developing seventy-eight percent of the above attributes in fullness, can enter the planet of Krsnaloka after leaving the present material body.

Qualities_Of_Krishna_Vishnu_PadaSeva.in


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Is Krishna avatar of Vishnu?




Many times people find it difficult to accept the fact that Krishna is the Original Supreme Personality of Godhead, and is the source of  Vishnu and every demigod including Shiva and Brahma.

Keeping the sentimental debates aside, let us see a few of the many scriptural evidence that states Krishna is the Origin of Vishnu & all demigods.

KRISHNA: ORIGIN OF VISHNU


Purusha Sukta (5) claims the Supreme Personality, Krishna, to be the origin of an auxiliary Personality of Godhead, Lord Vishnu

From Him was born the Universal Form which sustained the mortal world. Making this Form as the substratum another celestial being was born, who is known as Vishnu. As soon as he was born, he multiplied himself into each of the universes. Later, he created this earth and then, the bodies of the living beings.

Brahma-Samhita (5.48) 

The Brahmas and other lords of the mundane worlds appear from the pores of the Maha-Vishnu and remain alive for the duration of His one exhalation. I adore the primeval Lord, Govinda, for Maha-Vishnu is a portion of His plenary portion of Him.

Brahmavaivarta Purana (Brahma Khanda, chapter 13) mentions the word of Shiva in which Shiva reveals the original position of the Original Personality. Lord Shiva says to a brahmana

Lord Krishna who is eternally present in the Supreme Planet Goloka which is self-illuminating and benefactor of all devotional moods, is also residing in Vaikuntha (as Vaikuntha Narayana) and at Swetadwipa (as Kshirodakshayi Vishnu). Just as there is no difference between fire and its spark similarly there is no difference between Anshi (the origin of expansions, Lord Krishna) and Ansh (the expansion, Lord Vishnu).

Shrimad-Bhagavatam (10.85.31) describes Devaki’s prayer and confirms the related statement

My dear Krishna, I know that Maha-Vishnu, who is lying in the causal ocean of the cosmic manifestation, and who is the source of this whole creation, is simply an expansion of Your plenary portion. Creation, maintenance, and annihilation of this cosmic manifestation are being effected only by Your plenary portion. I am, therefore, taking shelter of You without any reservation.

Shrimad-Bhagavatam (10.14.14) mentions Narayana as Krishna's plenary portion

O Lord of lords, O Lord Krishna, You are the seer of all creation. You are indeed everyone’s dearest life. Are You not, therefore, my father, Narayana? The sacred name 'Narayana' refers to one whose abode is in the water born from Nara (that is Garbhodakashayi Vishnu). Indeed, that Narayana is also Your plenary portion. All Your plenary portions are transcendental. They are absolute and are not creations of Maya.

Shrimad-Bhagavatam (10.14.19) describes Krishna as Lord of all the three deities, Vishnu, Brahma and Shiva 

O Lord Krishna, persons who are unaware of Your inconceivable energy cannot understand that You alone expand Yourself as the creator Brahma, maintainer Vishnu, and annihilator Shiva. Persons who are not in awareness of things as they contemplate that I, Brahma, am the creator, Vishnu is the maintainer, and Lord Shiva is the annihilator. Actually, You are alone everything: creator, maintainer and annihilator.

Shrimad-Bhagavatam (1.9.32) describes that Lord Krishna is the origin of the Purusha-Avatars, who are the creators of the material universes, is confirmed in the following prayer spoken by Bhishmadeva to Lord Krishna 

Let me now invest my thinking, feeling and willing, which were so long engaged in different subjects and occupational duties, in the all-powerful Lord Shri Krishna. He is always self-satisfied, but sometimes, being the leader of the devotees, He enjoys transcendental pleasure by descending on the material world, although from Him only the material world is created.

KRISHNA: ORIGIN OF ALL AVATARS


Shrimad-Bhagavatam (10.87.46) confirms, where Narada Muni offers the following prayer
I offer my respectful obeisances to Lord Krishna, the all-knowing Original Personality of Godhead who, in order to liberate the conditioned souls, accepts the auspicious forms of His many incarnations.

Shrimad-Bhagavatam (10.10.34) also validates this in the following verse spoken by Nalakuvara and Manigriva to Lord Krishna
Appearing in bodies like those of an ordinary fish, tortoise and hog, You exhibit activities impossible for such creatures to perform: extraordinary, incomparable, transcendental activities of unlimited power and strength. These bodies of Yours, therefore, are not made of material elements but are incarnations of Your Supreme Personality.

Brahma Samhita (5.46) mentions Krishna to be the origin of all Avataras in the following manner
The light of one candle being communicated to other candles, although it burns separately in them, is the same in its quality. I adore the primeval Lord Govinda who exhibits Himself equally in the same mobile manner in His various manifestations. We must understand that although all candles have the same potency, the original candle still retains its uniqueness. Krishna is like that original candle, the source of all incarnations.

Shrimad-Bhagavatam (10.8.15) confirms Krishna to be the origin of all Incarnations in the following verse spoken by Gargacharya to Nanda Maharaja
This son of yours, has many names and appears in different forms according to His transcendental qualities and activities. These are known to me, but people, in general, do not understand them.

Shrimad-Bhagavatam (10.14.20) mentions the following verse spoken by Brahma to Lord Krishna
O Original Personality of Godhead, O creator of the entire cosmic manifestation, although You never take birth, You nevertheless appear among the demigods, sages, human beings, animals, and aquatics, in order to crush the false pride of the demons, and bestow Your mercy to the saintly devotees.

Brahma Samhita (5.12) repeats the similar facts in the following verse which was revealed by Lord Brahma 
I worship Govinda, the primeval Lord, who manifested Himself personally as Krishna and the different avatars in the world in the forms of Rama, Nrisimha, Vamana, etc. as His subjective portions.

So in a short conclusion, we understand that Krishna is The Original God.



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