"Pada Seva means to serve the lotus feet of Guru and Krishna.You cannot serve Krishna without Guru, or serve just Guru without serving Krishna. They must be served or offered pada seva simultaneously." - Srila Prabhupada

  • "A highly advanced Vaisnava lives in such a way that no one can understand what he is or what he was." (Srimad-Bhagavatam, 7.3.14, Purport)
  • "... there is nothing as profitable as the association of pure devotees." (Teachings of Lord Caitanya, Page 341)
  • "By the mercy of the spiritual master one receives the benediction of Krsna. Without the grace of the spiritual master, one cannot make any advancement." (Sri Sri Gurv-astaka, Verse 8)
  • "A pure devotee cannot forget the Supreme Lord for a moment, and similarly, the Supreme Lord cannot forget His pure devotee for a moment." (Bhagavad-gita As It Is, 8.15, Purport)
  • "The Spiritual Master is present wherever his sincere disciple is trying to serve his instructions. " (Srila Prabhupada letter, 12/01/73)
  • "I was born in the darkest ignorance, and my spiritual master opened my eyes with the torchlight of knowledge. I offer my respectful obeisances unto him." (Sri Guru Pranama)
  • "My dear Partha, one who claims to be My devotee is not so. Only a person who claims to be the devotee of My devotee is actually My devotee." (Lord Krsna, Adi Purana)
  • "Pure devotees of the Lord are more powerful than the waters of the sacred river Ganges. One can derive spiritual benefit out of prolonged use of the Ganges waters. But one can be sanctified at once by the mercy of a pure devotee of the Lord." (Srimad-Bhagavatam, 1.1.15, Purport)
  • "No one can approach the Supreme Personality of Godhead directly. One must approach Him through His pure devotees." (Nectar of Devotion, Chapter 12)
  • "Real knowledge can be obtained from a person who is in perfect Krsna consciousness. Therefore, one has to seek out such a bona fide spiritual master and, under him, learn what Krsna consciousness is. The spiritual master can drive away all nescience, as the sun drives away darkness." (Bhagavad-gita As It Is, 5.16, Purport)
Showing posts with label 03. Who is God. Show all posts
Showing posts with label 03. Who is God. Show all posts

Who is Lord Siva? | Surprising Facts You Didn't Know About Lord Shiva

Shiva - Who is Lord Shiva? Who is the Lord of Shiva? Is Lord Shiva a human? Origin of Shiva? Whom does Shiva Meditate upon?




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Qualities of Krishna

Qualities of Krishna - An answer to Why Krishna is The Supreme Personality of Godhead, what are the sixty-four (64) qualities of Krishna, what are the qualities of Vishnu, Siva and Brahma.

Qualities of Krishna


The Divine and Transcendental Qualities of Krishna


ananta kṛṣṇera guṇa, cauṣaṭṭi — pradhāna
eka eka guṇa śuni’ juḍāya bhakta-kāṇa

“The transcendental qualities of Lord Kṛṣṇa are unlimited. Out of these, sixty-four are considered prominent. The ears of the devotees are satisfied simply by hearing all these qualities one after the other.
[Sri Caitanya Caritamrita - Madhya-līlā 23.69] 
Attempting to analyze the transcendental qualities of Krishna is like counting the ocean waves. Like Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, who is Krishna Himself , has said - Krishna has unlimited qualities. Out of which 64 are most prominent. This article will be attempting to discuss on these 64 qualities.

ahaṁ sarvasya prabhavo
mattaḥ sarvaṁ pravartate
iti matvā bhajante māṁ
budhā bhāva-samanvitāḥ

I am the source of all spiritual and material worlds. Everything emanates from Me. The wise who perfectly know this engage in My devotional service and worship Me with all their hearts.
[Bhagavad Gita - 10.8]

na me viduḥ sura-gaṇāḥ
prabhavaṁ na maharṣayaḥ
aham ādir hi devānāṁ
maharṣīṇāṁ ca sarvaśaḥ

Neither the hosts of demigods nor the great sages know My origin or opulences, for, in every respect, I am the source of the demigods and sages.
[Bhagavad Gita - 10.2]
From the above verses of Bhagavad Gita, one can clearly understand Krishna as the Origin of entire creation, including all Demi-Gods and Sages.

ete cāṁśa-kalāḥ puṁsaḥ
kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayam
indrāri-vyākulaṁ lokaṁ
mṛḍayanti yuge yuge

All of the above-mentioned incarnations are either plenary portions or portions of the plenary portions of the Lord, but Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa is the original Personality of Godhead. All of them appear on planets whenever there is a disturbance created by the atheists. The Lord incarnates to protect the theists.
[Srimad Bhagavatam 1.3.28] 
From the above verse of Srimad Bhagavatam, one can clearly understand Krishna as The Original Personality of Godhead and as the fountainhead of all incarnations including Balaram, Narayan, Vishnu.



Three Tattvas - Vishnu, Siva and Jiva




So Krishna is the original living entity and from Him emanates many other living entities, which can be classified in three grades, as explained below

For example, some electric bulbs have the power of one thousand candles, some have the power of five hundred candles, some the power of one hundred candles, some fifty candles, etc., but all electric bulbs have light. Light is present in every bulb, but the gradations of light are different. Similarly, there are gradations of Brahman. The Viṣṇu svāṁśa expansions of the Supreme Lord in different Viṣṇu forms are like lamps, Lord Śiva is also like a lamp, and the supreme candle power, or the one-hundred-percent light, is Kṛṣṇa. The viṣṇu-tattva has ninety-four percent, the śiva-tattva has eighty-four percent, Lord Brahmā has seventy-eight percent, and the living entities are also like Brahmā, but in the conditioned state their power is still more dim. There are gradations of Brahman, and no one can deny this fact.
[Srimad Bhagavatam 4.1.15 - Purport ]


The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krishna, is the origin. 

According to the Vedic conception, there are two types of expansions: 
  1. God's personal expansions, called viṣṇu-tattva,  
  2. His partial part-and-parcel expansions, called jīva-tattva. 
There are many varieties of personal expansions: puruṣa-avatāras, śaktyāveśa-avatāras, manvantara-avatāras, and so on. 

For the creation of this material world, the Lord expands as Brahmā, Viṣṇu, and Maheśvara (Śiva). 

Viṣṇu is a personal expansion, and Brahmā is a jīva-tattva expansion. Even we and all demigods fall under this category. Between the personal viṣṇu-tattva expansions and the jīva-tattva expansions is a kind of intermediate expansion called Śiva, or Maheśvara. 



Qualities of Jiva Tattva




Out of the 64 Qualities of Krishna, the first fifty (50) qualities may appear partially in Jiva. These will be more prominent in Lord Brahma, however for us in a conditioned state, these might not manifest in full. 

jīveṣv ete vasanto ’pi
bindu-bindutayā kvacit
paripūrṇatayā bhānti
tatraiva puruṣottame

‘These qualities are sometimes very minutely exhibited in living beings, but they are fully manifested in the Supreme Personality of Godhead.’
[Sri Caitanya Caritamrita - Madhya-līlā 23.77] 




Qualities of Siva Tattva




The above mentioned qualities are also present in demigods like Lord Siva. Apart from above 50, 5 more Qualities of Krishna partially appear in Siva Tattva, so total of 55 qualities out of 64 qualities of Krishna.

atha pañca-guṇā ye syur
aṁśena giriśādiṣu

‘Apart from these fifty qualities, there are five other qualities found in the Supreme Personality of Godhead that are partially present in demigods like Śiva.
[Sri Caitanya Caritamrita - Madhya-līlā 23.77] 




Qualities of Vishnu Tattva




All the above qualities appear in full in Visnhu Tattva (Personal expansion of Krishna - like Narayan, Vishnu, Narasimha Dev etc). Apart from above 55, 5 more Qualities of Krishna are present in Vishnu Tattva. So Vishnu Tattva has 60 qualities out of 64 qualities of Krishna.

athocyante guṇāḥ pañca
ye lakṣmīśādi-vartinaḥ
avicintya-mahā-śaktiḥ
koṭi-brahmāṇḍa-vigrahaḥ


There are another five qualities, which exist in the Vaikuṇṭha planets in Nārāyaṇa, the Lord of Lakṣmī. These qualities are also present in Kṛṣṇa, but they are not present in demigods like Lord Śiva or in other living entities.
[Sri Caitanya Caritamrita - Madhya-līlā 23.80] 




List of Qualities - Jiva Tattva




  1.  Beautiful features of the entire body
  2.  Marked with all auspicious characteristics
  3.  Extremely pleasing
  4.  Effulgent
  5.  Strong
  6.  Ever youthful
  7.  Wonderful linguist
  8.  Truthful
  9.  Talks pleasingly
  10.  Fluent
  11.  Highly learned
  12.  Highly intelligent
  13.  Genius
  14.  Artistic
  15.  Extremely clever
  16.  Expert
  17.  Grateful
  18.  Firmly determined
  19.  An expert judge of time and circumstances
  20.  Sees and speaks on the authority of Vedas, or scriptures
  21.  Pure
  22.  Self-controlled
  23.  Steadfast
  24.  Forbearing
  25.  Forgiving
  26.  Grave
  27.  Self-satisfied
  28.  Possessing equilibrium
  29.  Magnanimous
  30.  Religious
  31.  Heroic
  32.  Compassionate
  33.  Respectful
  34.  Gentle
  35.  Liberal
  36.  Shy
  37.  The protector of surrendered souls
  38.  Happy
  39.  The well-wisher of devotees
  40.  Controlled by love
  41.  all-auspicious
  42.  Most powerful
  43.  all-famous
  44.  Popular
  45.  Partial to devotees
  46.  Very attractive to all women
  47.  all-worship able
  48.  all-opulent
  49.  all-honourable
  50.  The supreme controller.




List of Extra - Qualities - Siva Tattva




Besides all of the above-mentioned fifty qualities, Lord Krishna possesses five more, which are sometimes partially manifested in Lord Siva. These transcendental qualities are as follows:


  1.  Changeless
  2.  all-cognizant
  3.  Ever fresh
  4.  sac-cid-ananda (possessing an eternal blissful body
  5.  Possessing all mystic perfections.




List of Extra - Qualities - Vishnu Tattva




Krishna also possesses five other qualities, which are manifest in the body of Narayana / Vishnu, and they are listed as follows:


  1.  He has inconceivable potency.
  2.  Uncountable universes generate from His body.
  3.  He is the original source of all incarnations.
  4.  He is the giver of salvation to the enemies whom He kills.
  5.  He is the attractor of liberated souls.




List of Extra - Qualities - Krishna




Besides these sixty transcendental qualities, Krishna has four more, which are not manifested even in the Vishnu / Narayana form of Godhead, what to speak of the demigods or living entities. They are as follows:


  1.  He is the performer of wonderful varieties of pastimes (especially His childhood pastimes
  2.  He is surrounded by devotees endowed with wonderful love of Godhead.
  3.  He can attract all living entities all over the universes by playing on His flute.
  4.  He has a wonderful excellence of beauty which cannot be rivaled anywhere in the creation.



Therefore we can summarize as

Qualities_Of_Krishna_Vishnu_Shiva_Jiva_PadaSeva.in

Lord Krishna.         64 qualities or 100%
Vishnu Tattva.        60 qualities or ~94%
Shiva Tattva.           54 qualities or ~84%
Jiva Tattva.             50 qualities or ~78%

To know more about Krishna who is also known as Param Purushottam, Purnavatar or Supreme Personality of Godhead, please read our article - Is Krishna Avatar of Vishnu?

***


Reference from Srimad Bhagavatam 1.3.28:

Learned scholars in transcendental subjects have carefully analyzed the summum bonum Krsna to have sixty-four principal attributes. All the expansions or categories of the Lord possess only some percentages of these attributes. But Sri Krsna is the possessor of the attributes cent percent. 

And His personal expansions such as svayam-prakasa, tad-ekatma up to the categories of the avataras who are all visnu-tattva, possess up to ninety-three percent of these transcendental attributes. 

Lord Siva, who is neither avatara nor avesa nor in between them, possesses almost eighty-four percent of the attributes. 

But the jivas, or the individual living beings in different statuses of life, possess up to the limit of seventy-eight percent of the attributes. In the conditioned state of material existence, the living being possesses these attributes in very minute quantity, varying in terms of the pious life of the living being. The most perfect of living beings is Brahma, the supreme administrator of one universe. He possesses seventy-eight percent of the attributes in full. 

All other demigods have the same attributes in less quantity, whereas human beings possess the attributes in very minute quantity. The standard of perfection for a human being is to develop the attributes up to seventy-eight percent in full.

The living being can never possess attributes like Siva, Visnu or Lord Krsna. A living being can become godly by developing the seventy-eight-percent transcendental attributes in fullness, but he can never become a God like Siva, Visnu or Krsna. He can become a Brahma in due course. 

The godly living beings who are all residents of the planets in the spiritual sky are eternal associates of God in different spiritual planets called Hari-dhama and Mahesa-dhama. 

The abode of Lord Krsna above all spiritual planets is called Krsnaloka or Goloka Vrndavana, and the perfected living being, by developing seventy-eight percent of the above attributes in fullness, can enter the planet of Krsnaloka after leaving the present material body.

Qualities_Of_Krishna_Vishnu_PadaSeva.in


***

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One God Many Religion | Similarity in Gita and Bible | Father of Jesus | Krishna is God



Every true seeker of spiritual knowledge understands and admits that there is only one God, and, every scriptures and religion speaks about Him.

Like Srila Prabhupada had repeatedly said, 
God is neither Indian nor American nor otherwise, neither Christian nor Hindu nor Muslim. God is God.

Still, there are few people, who either with limited or perverted knowledge or due to their selfish agendas tend to create differences. These classes of people tend to mislead the innocent people resulting in hate based on religious grounds.

Many young people are choosing to become atheists because they feel religiosity causes violence and social division. 

If we seek the shelter of an authentic guru from an authentic Sampradaya, we get to understand the truth without any distortion. Thus we get to understand every religion talks about the same God and there are no contradictions.

The purpose of this article is an attempt to draw parallels between two powerful scriptures of the world, Srimad Bhagavad Gita and Holy Bible. Some of the very important Statements of Sri Krishna (in Srimad Bhagavad Gita), listed below, are also been repeated by His dear Son - Lord Jesus (in Holy Bible), thus proving Jesus was referring to Krishna in Bible.

There can be many more similarities but focusing on the prime messages to keep the length of article short. 

1. Krishna / God is in everyone’s heart as the Supersoul.


Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

“I am the Supersoul, O Arjuna, seated in the hearts of all living entities.” (Lord Krishna,Bhagavad-Gita 10.20)

“I am in everyone’s heart as the Supersoul.” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 7.21)


“I, dwelling in their hearts.” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 10.11)


“The Supreme Lord is situated in everyone’s heart.” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 18.61)


Holy Bible:

“One God and Father of all, who [is] above all, and through all, and in you all.” (Ephesians 4:6)

“And they tempted God in their heart.” (Psalm 78.18)


2. Krishna / God – the Source of Knowledge

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

“I am seated in everyone’s heart, and from Me come remembrance, knowledge and forgetfulness. By all the Vedas, I am to be known. Indeed, I am the compiler of Vedanta, and I am the knower of the Vedas.” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 15.15)

Holy Bible:

“The words I say to you are not just my own. Rather, it is the Father, living in me, who is doing his work.” (John 14.10)

3. Krishna / God – Our Father

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

“It should be understood that all species of life, O son of Kunte, are made possible by birth in this material nature, and that I am the seed-giving father.” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 14.4)

“I am the father of this universe, the mother, the support and the grandsire. I am the object of knowledge, the purifier and the syllable om. I am also the Rg, the Sama and the Yajur Vedas.” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 9.17)

“I am the son of God” (Jesus)

4. Krishna / God has form and not formless.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

“Fools deride Me when I descend in the human form. They do not know My transcendental nature as the Supreme Lord of all that be.” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 9.11)

Holy Bible:

“God said ‘Let us make man in our image, in our likeness.’ ” (Genesis 1:26)

5. Krishna / God can only be known through a Spiritual Master

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

“Just try to learn the truth by approaching a spiritual master. Inquire from him submissively and render service unto him. The self-realized souls can impart knowledge unto you because they have seen the truth.” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 4.34)

Holy Bible:

“Jesus said to him, “I am the way, and the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me” (John 14:6)

6. We should love Krishna / God with unfailing devotion

Uddhava-Gita:

“I am the Supreme Lord of all creation and I create and destroy this universe, being it’s ultimate cause. I am the Absolute Truth and one who worships Me with unfailing devotional service comes to Me.” (Lord Krishna, Uddhava Gita 12.45)


Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

“O son of Kunti, all that you do, all that you eat, all that you offer and give away, as well as all austerities that you may perform, should be done as an offering unto Me.
In this way you will be freed from all reactions to good and evil deeds, and by this principle of renunciation you will be liberated and come to Me.” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad Gita 9.27 - 28)

“Engage your mind always in thinking of Me, offer obeisances and worship Me. Being completely absorbed in Me, surely you will come to Me.” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad Gita 9.34)

Holy Bible:

“You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might” (Deu 6:5)

7. Who inherits the kingdom of Krishna / God and who doesn't?

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

“Pride, arrogance, conceit, anger, harshness and ignorance-these qualities belong to those of demoniac nature, O son of Prtha.” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 16.4)

“Bewildered by false ego, strength, pride, lust and anger, the demons become envious of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is situated in their own bodies and in the bodies of others, and blaspheme against the real religion.” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 16.18)

 “One who is not envious but is a kind friend to all living entities, who does not think himself a proprietor and is free from false ego, who is equal in both happiness and distress, who is tolerant, always satisfied, self-controlled, and engaged in devotional service with determination, his mind and intelligence fixed on Me-such a devotee of Mine is very dear to Me.” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 12-13-14)

Holy Bible:

“Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings,and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the kingdom of God.” (Galatians 5:21) 

“Nor thieves, nor the greedy, nor covetous,nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit kingdom of God.”(Corinthians 6:10)

8. Supreme Abode of Krishna / God needs no Sun and Moon.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

“That supreme abode of Mine is not illumined by the sun or moon, nor by fire or electricity. Those who reach it never return to this material world.” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 15.6)

Holy Bible:

“And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light; and they shall reign for ever and ever.” (Revelation 22:5)

9. Krishna /God is the beginning and the end.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

 “Of all creations I am the beginning and the end and also the middle.” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 10.32)

“Of letters I am the letter A, and among compound words I am the dual compound.” (Lord Krishna, Bhagavad-Gita 10.33)


Holy Bible:

“I am alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.” (Revelation 22:13)



Thus it is a proof for the entire humanity that every religion speaks about one Supreme Personality of Godhead. He has many names according to His qualities. We may call Him God, we may call Him Allah (The Greatest One) or we may call Him Krishna (The All Attractive One).

The below quote summarizes the entire article with a graphic example.

A dog will recognize his master in whatever way he dresses. The master may dress in robes, suit and tie, or stand naked, but the dog will always recognize his master. If we cannot recognize God, our beloved master, when he comes in a different dress from another religion, then we are less than that dog.
- HH Radhanath Swami Maharaj.  
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Srimati Radharani - The Universal Mother



Krishna means “all-attractive”, someone who is supremely opulent enough to attract everybody. However, Srimati Radharani is so great that She attracts Krishna.
tapta-kanchana-gaurangi - radhe vrindavaneshvari
vrishabhanu-sute devi pranamami hari-priye

Srimati Radharani, I offer my respects to You whose bodily complexion is like molten gold. O Goddess, You are the queen of Vrindavana. You are the daughter of King Vrishabhanu, and are very dear to Lord Krishna.
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Who is God or Bhagavan?



Every religion says there is only one God, as mentioned in their scripture. Islam says Allah, Sanatan Dharma says Bhagavan, Christianity calls Him God or Christ and so on. So who is God?

Sanskrit term for God is Bhagavan.


Understanding the meaning of Bhagavan


Bhagavan is a compound of two words, Bhaga (opulence) + van (possessor). Just like,

Dhanavan (Wealthy)            = Dhan (wealth) + van (possessor)
Vidvan (Knowledgable)       = Vidya (knowledge) + van (possessor)
Balvan (Strong)                    = Bal (Strength) + van (possessor)

So Bhagavan is someone who possesses complete Bhaga or Opulence. 

The Sanskrit word bhagavān is explained by the great authority Parāśara Muni, the father of Vyāsadeva. The Supreme Personality who possesses all riches, all strength, all fame, all beauty, all knowledge and all renunciation is called Bhagavān. There are many persons who are very rich, very powerful, very beautiful, very famous, very learned, and very much detached, but no one can claim that he possesses all riches, all strength, etc., entirely. 
Bhagavad Gita 2.2 Purport


So  Bhagavān means one who is full of six kinds of opulence

aiśvaryasya samagrasya
vīryasya yaśasaḥ śriyaḥ
jñāna-vairāgyayoś caiva
ṣaṇṇāṁ bhaga itīṅganā

Full opulent: complete wealth, complete strength, complete beauty, complete fame, complete knowledge, complete renunciation. One who possesses all these six things completely, he is Bhagavān.
(Viṣṇu Purāṇa 6.5.47)


A human can also possess the six opulence, but in minute quantity. Like a person might be beautiful, but he cannot claim to be most beautiful in the entire existence, past-present-future. Even then, owning a minute fraction of one or more of this six opulence makes a person so attractive. Celebrity or glamour industry has a huge attraction for their beauty, personalities like Einstien, Stephen Hawkins because of their knowledge, personalities like Mother Terresa because of renunciation, similarly, the world's richest, strongest people are also attractive. But no one can claim they have 100% of the opulence. 

The personality who can claim 100% in each of the six opulence is Bhagavan. It is not just in Vedic Literature but every bonafide scripture like Holy Quran, Bible, Torah etc. describes Allah or God or Bhagavan as the richest, strongest, most beautiful, most intelligent or in short everywhere it is agreed that He is full in all opulence. And there no one equal to Him nor above Him.

If having a minute fraction of even one opulence can make a person attractive, then it is not surprising to imagine how supremely attractive will the person be who has all the six opulence in full 100%.

Additionally, Srila Jiva Goswami, the 16th century Vaishnava philosopher, says that Bhagavan is
bhajaniya guna ca ananta ca nityah 
He that possesses all adorable qualities and whose all-attractive nature is such that He attracts our feelings of affection and adoration.
Srila Jiva Goswami

Sanskrit word to define this Supremely Attractive Person is Krishna. Krishna means All Attractive. 

krishir bhu-vacakah shabdo nash ca nirvritti-vacakah
tayor aikyam param brahma krishna ityabhidhiyate

The syllable krish refers to the all-attractive quality of Krishna, and the syllable na refers to His spiritual bliss. When the verb krish is added to the affix na, it becomes the word Krishna, indicating the Supreme Truth.
 (Mahabharata, Udyoga-parva 71.4)

Thus God or Bhagavan is Krishna and Only Krishna is Bhagavan or God.

Six Oppulences of Krishna

The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krishna Himself appears once in the day of Brahma. He chooses to come during the end of Dwapara Yuga because He knows in the next Yuga (Kaliyuga), people will be misguided by the influence of Kali. So Krishna comes to display His Colorful Pastimes which is eternally going on in His Spiritual Abode. He comes here to attract the fallen souls. He also knows in Kaliyuga, innocents will be cheated and misguided by so-called spiritualists. Thus they will not know who is God. Hence Krishna during His pastimes in this planet has demonstrated His opulence to make the intelligent know He is the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

Strength:

Krishna has unlimited strength. His strength was present from the moment of His birth. When Krishna was only three months old, the Putana demon attempted to kill Him, but instead, she was killed by Krishna. Krishna had killed so many demons single-handedly, effortlessly in His childhood. He has displayed His strength by holding the huge Goverdhan Mountain on the little finger of His left hand, for seven days and nights. That is God. God is always God from the beginning. He does not become God by some meditation or mystic power.

Fame:

Krishna also has unlimited fame. In all countries all over the world, the Bhagavad-gita is read by philosophers, psychologists, and religionists. The fame of the Bhagavad-gita is Krishna's fame. Also during Krishna's pastime, Brahma of all the parallel universes came to Him.


Wealth:

Krishna declares in Bhagavad Gita 5.29 that he is sarva-loka-maheśvaram - Lord or controller of all planets and the demigods. Hence he is not just a king of a piece of land, city or country or planet. He is Jagannath.

bhoktāraṁ yajña-tapasāṁ
sarva-loka-maheśvaram
suhṛdaṁ sarva-bhūtānāṁ
jñātvā māṁ śāntim ṛcchati

A person in full consciousness of Me, knowing Me to be the ultimate beneficiary of all sacrifices and austerities, the Supreme Lord of all planets and demigods, and the benefactor and well-wisher of all living entities, attains peace from the pangs of material miseries.
(Bhagavad Gita 5.29)


Knowledge:

Krishna is the root of all knowledge. He Himself declares this in Bhagavad Gita
sarvasya cāhaṁ hṛdi sanniviṣṭo
mattaḥ smṛtir jñānam apohanaṁ ca
vedaiś ca sarvair aham eva vedyo
vedānta-kṛd veda-vid eva cāham

I am seated in everyone’s heart, and from Me come remembrance, knowledge and forgetfulness. By all the Vedas, I am to be known. Indeed, I am the compiler of Vedānta, and I am the knower of the Vedas.
(Bhagavad Gita 15.15)


Beauty:

Madan (Cupid) is known to be very attractive. But Krishna is known as Madan Mohan, someone who has attracted even Cupid.

Also in the below verse of Brahma Samhita, Krishna's beauty is compared to million of cupids

veṇuṁ kvaṇantam aravinda-dalāyatākṣam-
barhāvataṁsam asitāmbuda-sundarāṅgam
kandarpa-koṭi-kamanīya-viśeṣa-śobhaṁ
govindam ādi-puruṣaṁ tam ahaṁ bhajāmi

I worship Govinda, the primeval Lord, who is adept in playing on His flute, with blooming eyes like lotus petals with head decked with peacock's feather, with the figure of beauty tinged with the hue of blue clouds, and His unique loveliness charming millions of Cupids.
(Brahma Samhita 5.30)

Renunciation:

At the same time, Krishna possesses full renunciation (vairagya). So many things are working under Krishna's direction in this material world, but actually, Krishna is not present here.

mayādhyakṣeṇa prakṛtiḥ
sūyate sa-carācaram
hetunānena kaunteya
jagad viparivartate

This material nature, which is one of My energies, is working under My direction, O son of Kuntī, producing all moving and nonmoving beings. Under its rule this manifestation is created and annihilated again and again.
(Bhagavad Gita 9.10)

Also during His pastimes, he has displayed His renunciation, we all know how dear is Vrindavan to Krishna, gopis were the topmost devotees of Lord and Srimati Radha Rani was the epitome of devotion. Vrindavan, Gopis and Radha Rani were the controller of Krishna's senses. Yet He renounced everything and left.


Position of Krishna from Scriptures

Let us see a few quotes from scriptures which declare the position of Krishna.

ishvarah paramah krishnah
sac-cid-ananda vigrahah
anadir adir govindah
sarva-karana-karanam 

Kṛṣṇa who is known as Govinda is the Supreme Godhead. He has an eternal blissful spiritual body. He is the origin of all. He has no other origin and He is the prime cause of all causes.
(Brahma-samhita 5.1)      


ete camsha kalah pumsah
krishnas tu bhagavan svayam
indrari vyakulam lokam
mridayanti yuge yuge 

All of the above-mentioned incarnations are either plenary portions or portions of the plenary portions of the Lord, but Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa is the original Personality of Godhead. All of them appear on planets whenever there is a disturbance created by the atheists. The Lord incarnates to protect the theists.
(Shrimad Bhagavatam 1.3.28)   


harir eva sadaradhyam
sarva-deveshvareshvaram
itare brahma-rudradya
navaj-eyam kadacana 

Only Shri Hari (Krishna) should be worshiped as the Master of the entire universe. Brahma, Shiva and all other demigods never violate this principle at any time.
(Padma Purana)         


yatravatirnam krishnakhyam
param brahma narakritim 

When the Supreme Person descends in His human like form, He is Krishna, the Supreme Brahman.
(Vishnu Purana 4.11.2)   


tasmat krishna eva paro devas
tam dhyayet tam raset tam bhajet tam yajet
 
Thus Krishna is the Supreme Person. One should meditate on Him. One should delight in Him. One should worship Him and make offerings to Him.
(Gopala-tapani Upanishad 1.54)


mattaḥ parataraṁ nānyat
kiñcid asti dhanañ-jaya
mayi sarvam idaṁ protaṁ
sūtre maṇi-gaṇā iva

O conqueror of wealth, there is no truth superior to Me. Everything rests upon Me, as pearls are strung on a thread.
(Bhagavad Gita 7.7)



brahmaṇo hi pratiṣṭhāham
amṛtasyāvyayasya ca
śāśvatasya ca dharmasya
sukhasyaikāntikasya ca

And I am the basis of the impersonal Brahman, which is immortal, imperishable and eternal and is the constitutional position of ultimate happiness.
(Bhagavad Gita 14.27)




What Srila Prabhupada says

Following are excerpts from Chapter 5 "Yoga and Meditation" of the book "The Journey of Self Discovery" by Srila Prabhupada.
The Bhāgavatam does not mention that the Hindu religion is first class or the Christian religion is first class or the Mohammedan religion is first class or some other religion is first class. The Bhāgavatam says that that religion is first class which helps one advance his devotional service and love of God. That’s all. This is the definition of a first-class religion. We do not analyze that one religion is first class or that another religion is last class.

The purpose of religion is to understand God and to learn how to love God. Any religious system, if it teaches one how to love God, is first class. Otherwise, it is useless.

But our love must be without selfish motive. If I say, “I love God because He supplies me very nice things for my sense gratification,” that is not love. Real love is without any selfish motive (ahaitukī). We must simply think, “God is great; God is my father. It is my duty to love Him.” That’s all. No exchange—“Oh, God gives me my daily bread; therefore I love God.” No. God gives daily bread even to the animals—the cats and dogs. God is the father of everyone, and He supplies food to everyone. So, appreciating God because He gives me bread—that is not love. Love without motive. I must think, “Even if God does not supply me daily bread, I’ll love Him.” This is real love. As Caitanya Mahāprabhu says, āśliṣya vā pāda-ratāṁ pinaṣṭu mām adarśanān marma-hatāṁ karotu vā: “O Lord, You may embrace me, or You may trample me down with Your feet. Or You may never come before me, so that I become brokenhearted without seeing You. Still, I love You.” This is pure love of God. When we come to this stage of loving God, then we’ll find ourselves full of pleasure. Just as God is full of pleasure, we’ll also be full of pleasure. This is perfection.

Conclusion

Krishna is The Supreme Personality of Godhead. There is no truth beyond Him.

This busts the myth that Hinduism or Sanatan Dharma supports Polytheism. Reality is even Hinduism or Sanatan Dharma supports the fact that there is only one God. There are 33 crores Demi God's (devis and devatas like Shiva, Brahma, Indra, Chandra, Durga, Kali, etc.) but there is only one Bhagavan.

This brings to a very important conclusion, that Krishna is not just a Hindu God or a sectarian God. Every religion speaks about Krishna because there is only one God. Therefore Krishna consciousness is not a sectarian religious faith; it is a teaching process for understanding the Supreme Lord and our relationship with Him and meant for the entire humanity.

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, who was Krishna Himself, said namnam akari bahudha nija-sarva-shaktis (O my Lord, Your holy name alone can render all benediction to living beings, and thus You have hundreds and millions of names). God is unlimited, so His qualities are also unlimited. His names identify Him by His qualities, hence he has millions of name. Krishna is one of the unlimited names, but it is more personal. We may call Him Allah, or Jehovah or  Christ or Bhagavan or Hari or Madhava or Krishna or by any name that attracts us and connects us to Him.

All the violence caused in the name of religion can be immediately stopped by understanding this simple fact that every religion is glorifying One God and teaching us how to Love Him and Serve Him.


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Existence of God: Simple observation of the world.



A very common question asked by many "Does God exist?" can easily be answered if one "observes" the world closely.

When we look at some beautiful piece of man-made work around us (like painting, sculpture, monument, etc.), we always inquire about the person behind it, i.e, we ask about the "creator".

Few examples:



What we subconsciously know and understand is 
  • every Art has to have an Artist
  • every Beautiful Organization needs an Organizer
  • every Design has to have a Designer
  • every Law has to have a Law Maker
  • that means every Creation has to have a Creator

We call this logical or common-sense. If we come across anyone who says otherwise, we will not consider him very wise.

However our logic and common-sense suddenly goes for a toss when we come across beautiful natural objects.

We tend to ignore a Beautiful Art in Nature, we do not see How organized the world, viz, the solar system is. If for once we would have seen then we would have certainly inquired about the "Brain  / Mastermind Behind It"



We tend to discard the fact of an intelligent being behind everything, just on the pretext of the so-called advancement of material (modern) science.

So let us take some time to see what some of the most eminent scientists, who were the pioneers of modern science, had to say:

Albert Einstein: 
There is a perfect brain behind all the natural physical laws.

Erwin Schrodinger:
I am very astonished that the scientific picture of the real world around me is very deficient. It gives a lot of factual information, puts all our experience in a magnificently consistent order, but is ghastly silent about all that is really near to our heart, that really matters to us. It cannot tell us a word about red and blue, bitter and sweet, physical pain and physical delight; it knows nothing of beautiful and ugly, good or bad, God and eternity. Science sometimes pretends to answer questions in these domains, but the answers are very often so silly that we are not inclined to take them seriously.

Lord Kelvin:
 Overwhelming strong proofs of intelligent and benevolent design lie around us.

I believe that the more thoroughly science is studied, the further does it take us from anything comparable to atheism.

The more thoroughly I conduct scientific research, the more I believe that science excludes atheism.

The atheistic idea is so nonsensical that I do not see how I can put it in words.

Do not be afraid of being free thinkers. If you think strongly enough you will be forced by science to the belief in God, which is the foundation of all religion. You will find science not antagonistic but helpful to religion.

Sir Issac Newton:

This most beautiful system of the sun, planets, and comets, could only proceed from the counsel and dominion of an intelligent and powerful Being . . . This Being governs all things, not as the soul of the world, but as Lord over all; and on account of his dominion he is wont to be called Lord God.

When I wrote my treatise about our system, I had an eye upon such principles as might work with considering men for the belief of a Deity, and nothing can rejoice me more than to find it useful for that purpose.

The true God is a living, intelligent and powerful Being . . . He governs all things, and knows all things that are or can be done.

Max Born:
We, the atom and I, have been on friendly terms, until recently. I saw in it the key to the deepest secrets of Nature, and it revealed to me the greatness of creation and the Creator.

Srinivasa Ramanujan
An equation means nothing to me unless it expresses a thought of God. 

Werner Heisenberg
There is a higher power, not influenced by our wishes, which finally decides and judges.

Michael Faraday
I bow before Him who is Lord of all, and hope to be kept waiting patiently for His time and mode of releasing me according to His Divine Word and the great and precious promises whereby His people are made partakers of the Divine nature.

We ought to value the privilege of knowing God’s truth far beyond anything we can have in this world.

Some of the misleading scientific "myth" theories

Before we look into the topic, let me share with you a true incident that happened with me. On the way to my office, I pass by a construction site, filled with sand, bricks, concrete, iron bars, kept ready for construction. Yesterday, as usual, on the way to my office, I was crossing the same site.

Suddenly bang!!!

A massive explosion happened. While my ears were still recovering the impact, I saw myself trapped amidst clouds of fiery smoke and dust. It took almost an hour to realize I was lying on the ground, covered with soot. Slowly as the air got cleared, I saw, miracle!!! There was a beautiful flyover, out of nowhere, at the site of the explosion. Wao!! Yes definitely, it was red hot then. But as it cooled down, it slowly revealed its beauty!!!




You don't believe me??!! Why??? Did I miss something??? What if I put in some jargon, some fancy names, let's call this incident Small Bang Theory of Construction!! Still, don't believe me? What if some scientists manage to "attach" a mathematical formula? Still, won't believe it? WHY? 

The simple answer is - Because it lacks logic. 

  • An explosion can result in devastation and not construction.
  • A sudden appearance of an object, with beauty and perfect design, can ONLY & ONLY happen in fairy tales.
  • Every law of physics and harmony getting applied by chance is not science

Again, we are logically intelligent so far. But what happens to our intelligence when we hear The BIG - BANG Theory, which states;
According to the Big Bang theory, the universe was born about 13.8 billion years ago. All the matter that exists today was once squished into an infinitely denseinfinitely tiny, ultra-hot point called a singularity. This tiny fireball then exploded and gave rise to the early universe.
Does it even sound like science?

From where did this single point/singularity come? How did the matter which exists today, came into this point of singularity? How and why was it squeezed in? So many questions that are never answered by any scientist so far, yet we believe in this theory.


Wrapping up
Today our society is turning Godless just on the pretext of "so-called" scientific advancement, but as Lord Kelvin said

If you think strongly enough you will be forced by science to the belief in God.

The purpose of this article was to emphasize on the fact that true science and intelligent scientists acknowledge a Supreme Creator and not refuses Him. When we look around us, we should try to be intelligent enough to understand that nothing happened by chance.


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Existence of God: See the magic around !!!



I was taking my morning walk when I noticed there were white fluffy bits of cotton strewn around on the grass in one corner of the park. I looked up and saw that there was huge silk cotton (semal) tree which had many open pods on its branches and these pods contained fluffy cotton. I picked up a pod lying nearby and looked at it closely; it contained a handful of soft, silky, cotton with few scattered black seeds within it. I thought for a moment, "cotton-growing directly on a tree how amazing!!". This triggered numerous similar thoughts. The banyan tree (one of the largest trees on earth) can spread over a few acres. This tree grows to a massive size just from a seed which is only a few millimeters in size, how is this possible?    

When a child is born, he grows for the initial few years, then stops growing and after some years gradually starts aging. All this happens in such an orderly, programmed manner this itself is a miracle.

I once attended a show on under-water aquatic life. Life underwater in the ocean is truly amazing. Despite spending millions on exploration and research; most of the information and facts remain unknown to us, unexplored. Nature – mountains, forests, deserts continually show us such breath-taking sights but do we ever think who designed this or how was this created?  Who is the creator? 

Because we see all these changes - day and night, change of the seasons, people growing up and then aging all happen before us right from childhood, day in-day out, year after year; we consider these as routine usual activities and take them for granted.

Lord Krishna tells us in the Bhagavad Gita: 
This material nature which is one of My energies is working under My direction O son of Kunti, producing all moving and non-moving beings. Under its rule, this manifestation is created and annihilated again and again.                                         
Bhagavad Gita 9.10

Wherever we look, whether it is nature or the human body or our awesome universe; it is absolutely amazing. 

If we appreciate the beauty around us, we would certainly develop a sense of responsibility towards nature and also show gratitude towards our creator. We would then learn to use our natural resources responsibly, not just to satisfy our selfish needs. We spend hours in a queue to buy tickets for a magic show but fail to appreciate the magic and beauty around us happening every moment, each day.


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Wonderful answer to - Can we actually see God?



Have we ever paused to think who has created the wonders of nature we see every day in our lives?   - the beautiful flowers, variety of plants, so many types of birds and animals?    How is it that we have day and night, seasons, seasonal flowers and fruits, regularly with such precision?  How can water collect inside the coconut and that too at a height of about 100 feet? How can birds migrate to different lands crossing thousands of miles and return back to their homes with the change of season?  Are all these just a matter of chance?

The human body – both structure and function remain an intriguing mystery even today despite centuries of research. It is so very complex that it is not possible for one doctor to have detail knowledge of the entire human body. So today, we have specialists and super-specialists for every organ of the human body – the heart, the bones, and joints, the brain and nerves etc. Imagine someone who has complete knowledge of all the complex organ systems of the human body, as only then it could have been designed. Who is this? 

There are so many things in this world which are beyond our control. Can we choose our parents?  Why is it that someone is born in a rich family, while another is born in a poor home. Similarly; beauty, intelligence, health/disease are largely beyond our control. Who is the controller? We have all seen natural disasters - cyclones, tsunamis and earthquakes. In a matter of a few seconds, there can be such devastation that suddenly life changes permanently and irreversibly. Who is the controller………who decides?

In science we have read the Laws of motion, Law of gravity, Thermodynamics laws and in Optics there are laws of reflection/ refraction. In Physics we have studied that phenomena involving light, sound, thermodynamics, gravity are all governed by laws. So there are specific laws governing various phenomena in nature. Similarly, in our routine lives, there is a silent INVISIBLE LAW……. someone is rewarded/gifted (good health, wealth, prosperity) and someone is punished (diseased, adversity, accidents). Now if we have laws, there has to be an administrator/lawmaker.  There certainly is someone (invisible to us with material eyes) who holds the law.

In the Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna clearly states that He is the controller of material nature, producing all moving and nonmoving beings.

The Lord says;

mayadhyakshena prakritih suyate sa characharam
hetunanena kaunteya jagad viparivartate.               

This material nature, which is one of My energies, is working under My direction, O son of Kunti, producing all moving and nonmoving beings. Under its rule, this manifestation is created and annihilated again and again.
Bhagavad Gita 9.10

In our scriptures, we see that one of the proofs of the existence of God is the law of karma.  During a person’s lifetime, his karmic acts (actions) result in merits and demerits.  After death, the Supreme Lord recognizes the merits and demerits which he had earned. Then when he is reborn, it is ensured that in this life he might have karmically appropriate experiences. Thus, there must be an administrator or supervisor for karma, i.e., God.

If you say can you show me, God?

In this material world, we do not have direct evidence for many things. We all know that our senses are imperfect. When I send an email, I click on a button and it is sent ….can I see it travel? –no, I have only indirect evidence. Similarly, the electromagnetic radiations have a visible wavelength range; ultra-violet (UV)light and infra-red (IR)light is invisible. There is indirect proof that IR light and UV light does exist but can we see these directly? Sound waves have an audible frequency range of 20 Hz -20,000 Hz for human beings. The range beyond 20,000 Hz is audible to certain animals but not to man………. so can we say it does not exist? Similarly, our emotion, feelings, anxiety, thoughts are all subtle, invisible but have existence without a doubt.

So we must understand and acknowledge the limitation of our material senses. With these senses, we can not see Lord, unless He wants to reveal Himself to us. This is confirmed from the following statement of Krishna to Arjuna in Bhagavad Gita

But you cannot see Me with your present eyes. Therefore I give you divine eyes. Behold My mystic opulence!
Bhagavad Gita 11.8

However, such a fortune is extremely rare when one is blessed to behold the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Yet there is another vision which helps us to see God around us. This is called the Spiritual Vision. It is derived by understanding scriptures under the supervision of a bonafide guru (Sastra Chakshu). This is the minimum qualification a human being must have.

Srila Prabhupada has explained this by quoting Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Saraswati Thakur, his spiritual master.
My spiritual master used to say that, "You do not try to see God. Just act in such a way that God will see you." Just try to understand. This is very nice. If I want to see God, and I make God as my order-supplier, that "Please come and I'll see You." So God is not so small that He, at once I call Him and He'll come. No. We have to qualify ourselves. We have to qualify ourselves. Therefore by the qualification, by your qualification, God will Himself come and see you.
Lecture on Bhagavad Gita 10.1 (New York, December 30, 1966)


My Guru Mahārāja used to say that "You don't try to see God." Just try to understand. "Just work in such a way that God may see you." This is the Kṛṣṇa consciousness movement. Everyone is busy to see God. Of course, it is not so easy to see God. But a devotee is not busy to see God, but he wants God to see him.
Lecture on BG 12.13-14 -- Bombay, May 12, 1974

HENCE: Behind every creation, there must be a creator. The whole world is a wonderful creation, and God is the invisible silent controller. To realize and understand and in a way see His presence, one must have minium qualification of Sastra Chakshu.


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Who is Chaitanya Mahaprabhu? | Is Chaitanya Mahaprabhu really Krishna?



I was asked by one of my colleague, "Who was Chaitanya Mahaprabhu?"
I replied that He is non-different from Lord Krishna.
To this, he said, "That is what 'you people' say, but what is the real identity?"

Many find it difficult to understand that Krishna is non-different from Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, because of lack in scriptural education.

Appearance of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu has been mentioned or predicted in many Sriptures like,
  1. Bhagavat Puran
  2. Adi Puran
  3. Kurma Puran
  4. Garuda Puran
  5. Narasimha Puran
  6. Padma Puran
  7. Narada Puran
  8. Brahma Puran
  9. Bhavisya Puran
  10. Agni Puran
  11. Matsya Puran
  12. Vayu Puran
  13. Markandeya Puran
  14. Varah Puran
  15. Vaman Puran
  16. Upa Puran
  17. Ananta Samhita
  18. Mahabharat
  19. Atharva Ved
  20. Sama Ved
  21. Chaitanya Upanishad
  22. Chandogya Upanishad
  23. Svetasvatar Upanishad
  24. Purusa-Bodini-Upanisad

In this article we shall study a few of such scriptural references, to understand that Lord Krishna Himself appeared as Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.


(1).  Prediction of Lord Gauranga’s advent in the form of a brahmana.


In the Adi-Puran and in the Narada Puran, the Supreme Lord says:
aham eva dvija-srestho nityam pracchanna-vigrahahbhagavad-bhakta-rupena lokam raksami sarvada

I shall advent in the form of a Brahmana devotee [aham eva dvija-srestho] and I shall hide my factual identity [prachanna vigrahah]. I shall deliver all the worlds [lokam raksami sarvada].

(2). Prediction of His advent as a Sannyasi (A person in the renounced order of life)
In the Upa-Puranas, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Sri Krishna speaks to Srila Vyasadeva:
aham eva kvacid brahmansannyasa asramam asritahhari bhaktim grahayami kalau papa-hatan naran

O Brahmana, I occasionally take the Sannyas Asram [sannyasa asrama asritah] in an attempt to bring the fallen people of Kali Yuga to take up the path of Bhakti or devotional service to Lord Krishna [hari bhaktim grahayami].

(3). Prediction of His actual time of incarnation
In the Kurma-Purana, it is stated:
kalina dahyamanam uddhararaya tanu-bhrtamjanma prathama sandhyayam bhavisyati dvijalaye

The Supreme Person will appear in the first part of the age of Kali [janma prathama sandhyayam]. He will appear in the home of a Brahmana [bhavisyati dvijalaye], to save the embodied conditioned souls [uddharaya tanu-bhrtam] burning in the troubles of Kali-Yuga.


(4). Description of the purpose of Sri Chaitanya’s incarnation.
In the Garuda-Purana, the Supreme Person says:
kalina dakyamananam paritranaya tanu-bhrtamjanma prathama sandhyayam karisyami dvijatisu

In the first part [prathama sandhya] of the age of Kali, I will come among the brahmanas [karisyami dvijatisu] to save the fallen souls, [paritranaya tanu-bhrtam] who are being burned by the troubles of the age of Kali [kalina dahyamananam].


(5). Prediction of the name of His mother and the actual name of His future birthplace.
In the Garuda-Purana, the Supreme Lord says:
aham purno bhavisyami yuga-sandhyau visesatahmayapure navadvipe bhavisyami sachi sutah

I will take birth as the son of Sachi [bhavisyami sachi sutah], in Navadvip-Mayapur [mayapure navadvipe]. I will come in my complete spiritual form in the first part of Kali-Yuga.


(6). Prediction of the name of His future first wife and His future assumption of the sannyasa order
In the same Garuda-Purana, it is Also stated:
kaleh prathama sandhyayam lakshmi- kanto bhavisyatidaru-brahma-samipa-sthah sannyasi gaura-vigrahah

In the first part of Kali-Yuga, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will come in a gold-like form. First He will become the husband of Lakshmi [Srimati Lakshmi Devi, Lord Chaitanya’s first wife]. Then He will become a sannyasi, near Lord Jagannatha who will appear in a divine wooden form.


(7). Prediction of the bodily color of Sri Chaitanya and the nature of His future activities.
In the Nrsimha-Purana, it is said:
satye daitya-kuladhi-nasa-samaye simhordhva-martyakrtistretayam das-kandharam paribhavan rameti namakrtihgopalan paripalayan vraja-pure bharam haran dvaparegaurangah priya-kirtanah kali-yuge chaitanya-nama prabhuh

The Supreme Personality of Godhead who in the Satya-Yuga appeared as a half-man, half-lion to cure a terrible disease that had ravaged the daityas, and who in the Treta-Yuga appeared as a person named Rama [Lord Ramachandra], the person who defeated the ten-headed Demon Ravana, and who in the Dvapara-Yuga removed the earth’s burden, and protected the Gopa [cowherd men] people of Vraja-pura, will appear again in the Kali-Yuga. His form will be golden, He will delight in chanting the Lord’s holy names, and His name will be Chaitanya.



(8). Prediction of the future advent of Sri Chaitanya by His direct name
In the Padma-Purana, it is said:
yatrayogesvarah saksad yogi-cintyo janardanahchaitanya vapur aste vai sandranandatmakah

The Supreme Personality, Janardana, who is the object of the yogis’ meditation [yogi-chintyo- janardanah], who saves the devotees from various sufferings, and who is the master of all yogic practices [yogesvarah], who is always full of divine transcendental ecstasy and bliss [sandra-ananda-atmakah], will advent in His own divine form of Sri Chaitanya [Chaitanya-vapah].


(9). Description of the time and place Sri Chaitanya’s future advent
In the Padma-Purana, the Supreme Personality of Godhead Himself states:
kaleh prathama-sandhyayam gaurangotham mahi-talebhagirathi-tate ramye bhavisyami sachi-sutah

I shall appear on this earth [mahi-tale] in the first part of Kali-Yuga [kaleh prathama sandhyayam] in a beautiful place on the bank of the Bhagirathi [bhagirathi-tate ramye]. I shall have a golden form [gaurangah], and I shall take birth as the son of Sachi [bhavisyami sachi-sutah].


(10). Prediction of the purpose of Sri Chaitanya’s advents
In the Narada-Purana, the Supreme Personality of Godhead says:
aham eva kalau vipra nityam prachanna-vigrahahbhavavad-bhakta-rupena lokan raksami sarvada

O Vipra, in the age of Kali, I will come disguised [nityam prachanna vigraha] as a devotee [bhagavad-bhakta-rupena] and I will save all the worlds [lokan raksami sarvada].


(11). Prediction of His mother’s name and the nature of His specific preaching method [sankirtana]
The Supreme Personality of Godhead states in the Narada-Purana:
divija bhuvi jayadhvam jayadhvam bhakta rupinahkalau sankirtana arambhe bhavisyami sachi-sutah

O Divija (demigods), please come and advent as devotees on this earth [bhuvi jayadhvam jayadhvam] in the age of Kali-Yuga. I will incarnate as the son of Sachi [bhavisyami sachi-sutah] to inaugurate the congregational chanting of the name of Krishna [kalau sankirtana arambhe].


(12). Prediction of the revelation of Sri Chaitanya’s form
In the Brahma-Purana, the Supreme Personality of Godhead says:
kaleh prathama sandhyayam gaurangotham mahi-talebhagirathi-tate bhumni bhavisyami sachi-sutah

I will reveal my eternal golden form [gaurangotham mahi-tale] in the first part of Kali- Yuga [kaleh prathama sandhyayam]. I will advent on the earth on the bank of the Bhagirathi [bhagirathi-tate bhumni] as son of Mother Sachi [bhavisyami sachi-sutah].


(13). Prediction of the future sannyasi role and ecstasy of Sri Chaitanya
In the Bhavisya-Purana, the Supreme Lord says:
anandasru-kala-roma harsa-purnam tapo-dhanasarve mama eva draksyanti kalau sannyasa-rupinam

O austere sage, you should know that in the age of Kali, everyone will see my transcendental form as a sannyasi [kalau sannyasa rupinam]. I will be exhibiting symptoms of ecstasy like shedding tears of bliss and hairs standing in ecstasy [anandasru-kala-roma-harsa-purnam].


(14). Prediction of the color of Sri Chaitanya and the nature of His future associates.
In the Agni-Purana, it is said:
prasantatma lamba-kanthas gaurangas ca suravrtah

The Supreme Personality of Godhead will come in a golden form [gaura-anga], full of peace [prasantatma], and a beautiful long neck [lamba-kanthah]. He will be surrounded by many saintly devotees [sura-avrtah]. (Note: This is an indirect prediction of the future advent of the members of the Pancha-Tattva.)

(15). Prediction of the characteristics of Sri Chaitanya.
In the Matsya-Purana, the Supreme Personality of Godhead says:
mundo gaurah su-dirghangas tri-srotas-tira-sambhavahdayaluh kirtana-grahi bhavisyami kalau-yuge

In the age of Kali, I shall advent [bhavisyami kalau yuge] where the three rivers meet [tri-srotas-tira-sambhavah]. I shall have a shaven head [mundah]. I shall have a golden complexion [gaurah]. I will be very kind and always chant the holy name of Krishna [dayaloh kirtana-grahi].


(16). Prediction of the name of the river where Sri Chaitanya will take his birth and other characteristics
In the Vayu-Purana, the Supreme Personality of Godhead states:
suddho gaurah-su-dirghango ganga-tira-samudbhavahdayaluh-kirtana-grahi bhavisyami kalau yuge

In the age of Kali-Yuga, I shall come [bhavisyami kalau yuge] in a place on the bank of the Ganges [ganga-tira-samudbhavah]. I will be very pure [suddhah], have a golden complexion [gaurah], and be very tall [su-dirghangah] and chant the holy names of Krishna.


(17). The prediction that the Supreme Lord will leave Goloka and come in a golden form
In the Markandeya-Purana, the Supreme of Godhead declares:
golokam ca parityajya lokanam trana-karanatkalau gauranga-rupena lila-lavanya-vigrahah

In the Kali-Yuga, I will leave Goloka and, to save the people of the world, I will become the handsome and playful Lord Gauranga.


(18). Prediction of one of the purposes of Sri Chaitanya’s appearance
In the Varaha-Purana, the Supreme Personality of Godhead declares:
aham eva dvija-srestho lila-pracurya-vigrahahbhagavad-bhakta-rupena lokan raksami sarvada

I shall come as the best of the brahmanas [aham eva dvija-srestha]. I will exhibit many pastimes [lila-pracurya-vigrahah] in the form of a devotee [bhagavad-bhakta-rupena]. I shall deliver the people of the world [lokan raksami sarvada].


(19). Prediction of the name of the mother of Sri Chaitanya and His future role as the deliverer of the darkness of Kali-Yuga.
In the Vamana-Purana, the Supreme Personality of Godhead declares:
kali-ghora-tamas-channat sarvan acara varjitansachigarbhe ca sambhuya tarayisyami narada

O Narada Muni, I will take birth in the womb of Sachi [sachi-garbhe ca sambhuya]. I shall save the people, who will give up all proper good conduct [sarvan acara varyitan], from the terrible darkness of the age of Kali-Yuga [kali-ghora-tamas-channan].


(20). Prediction of the future advent of Sri Chaitanya, His birth time, His mother, His birth city, His name and His mission
In the Vayu-Purana, the Supreme Personality of Godhead says:
paurnamasyam phalgunasya phalguni-rksa-yogatahbhavisye gaura-rupena sachi-garbhe purandaratsvarnadi-tiram asthaya navadvipe janasrayetatra dvija-kulam prapto bhavisyami janalayebhakti-yoga-pradanaya lokasyanugrahaya casannyas-rupam asthaya krishna-chaitanya-nama-dhrktena lokasya nistaras tat kurudhvam mamajnayadharitri bhavita cabhir mayaiva dvija-dehina

I shall advent in the month of Phalguna, when the star Phalguni is conjoined with the full moon. I shall incarnate in a golden complexion in the womb of Sachi and Purandara Misra. I will be born in the city of Navadvipa,on the Ganges’s shore, in a Brahmana’s family. I shall take the renounced order of life [sannyasa] and show kindness to the people in general and engage them in Bhakti. I will be known as Sri Krishna Chaitanya. All of you should follow My order and deliver the people of the world. I shall appear as a Brahmana. I shall make this earth fearless.




(21). Prediction of Sri Chaitanya’s birth city, the name of the river close to His birth site, the name of His mother, His close associates and their divine roles in His lila (pastimes), His divine reason for incarnating as well as different names by which Sri Chaitanya will be known.
In the Ananta-Samhita, it is said:
svarnadi-tiram asritya navadvipe dvijalayesampradatum bhakti-yogam lokasyanugrahaya casa eva bhagavan krmo radhika-prana-vallabhahsrsty-adau sa jagannatho gaura asin mahesvariavatirno bhavisyami kalau-nija-ganaih sahasachi-garbhe navadvipe svardhuni-parivariteaprakasyam idam guhyam na prakasyam bahir mukhebhaktavataram bhaktakhyam bhaktam bhakti-pradam svayamman-maya-mohitah kecin na jnasyanto bahir-mokhahjnasyanti mad-bhakti-yuktah sadhavo-nyasinotmalahkrmavatara-kale-yah striyo ye purusah priyahkalau te’vatarisyanti sridama-subaladayahcatuh-sasti-mahantas te gopa dvadas balakahcaitanyera simhera…dharma-samsthapanarthay a viharisyami tair ahamkale nastam bhakti-patham sthapayisyamy aham punahgacchantu bhuvi te putrah jayantam bhakta-rupinahdharma-samsthapanam kale kurvantu te mamajnayakrishnas chaitanya-gaurango gaurachandrah sachi-sutahprabhur gauro gaura-harir namani-bhakti-dani me

To show mercy to the people and give them devotional service, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will appear in a Brahmana’s home in Navadvip by the Ganges’ shore. The Supreme Person, Sri Krishna Himself, who is the life of Srimati Radharani, and is the Lord of the universe in creation, maintenance, and annihilation, appears as Gaura, O Mahesvari.

In Kali-Yuga, I will descend to the earth with My associates. In Navadvip, which is surrounded by the Ganges, I will take birth in Sachi-devi’s womb.

They who are bewildered by My illusory potency will not understand the great secret of the appearance in this world of Me in My personal form,

in My form as the incarnation of devotion,
in My form as the incarnation of a devotee,
in My form bearing the name of a devotee,
in My form as a devotee, and
in My form as the giver of devotional service.

This secret is not to be revealed to them. Only the saintly, pure, renounced devotees, diligently engaged in My devotional service, will be able to understand Me in these five forms.

My dear male and female associates, headed by Sridama and Subala, who came to this world at the time of My advent as Lord Krishna, will come again during the Kali-Yuga.

The Gopas will become the sixtyfour mahantas and the twelve gopalas. To establish the truth of religion, I will enjoy many pastimes with them.

In this way I will again reveal the path of devotional service, which has been destroyed in the course of time. My sons should also descend to the earth, assume the forms of devotees, and, by My order, also work to re-establish the principles of true religion.

At this time My names will be: Krishna Chaitanya, Gauranga, Gaurachandra, Sachisuta, Mahaprabhu, Gaura and Gaurahari. Chanting these names will bring devotion to Me.

Other major Vedic literature describing characteristics of the advent of Sri Chaitanya

(22). The Great Epic Mahabharata (Dana-Dharma, Visnu-Sahasra-Nama Stotra) points out the divine characteristics of Sriman Mahaprabhu’s appearance.
suvarna varna hemango varangas candanangadisannyasa krt-chamah santo nistha shanti parayanahHe has a golden complexion [suvarna varnah]. His limbs are very beautiful [vara-anga] and are smeared with sandalwood pulp [candana-angadi]. He has the appearance of molten gold [hema-anga].

The Supreme Lord Chaitanya accepts the renounced order of life [sannyasa-krt]. He is fully sense-controlled or equipoised [sama], and is completely peaceful [santa]. He is completely fixed (in the chanting of the holy name of Lord Krishna), [nistha]. He is the highest abode of devotion and transcendental peace. (He silences the mayavadi impersonalists) [nistha santi parayanah].

The sanskrit words suvarna-varna indicate one who has gold-like complexion. The Vedic text to support this point is: yada pasya pasyate rukma-varnam kartaram isam purusam brahma-yonim. The words rukma-varnam kartaram isam refer to the Supreme Person [Sri Chaitanya] who has a complexion like molten gold.



(23). Is there any specific reference in the Vedas as to when in this yuga, the Supreme Lord’s Avatar- Sri Krishna Chaitanya was scheduled to appear?
In the Atharva-Veda; Purusa-Bodini-Upanisad, it is said:
saptame gaura-varna-visnor ity aena sva-saktyacaikyam etya pratar avatirya saha svaih sva-manum siksayati

In the seventh manvantara, in the beginning of the Kali-Yuga, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will, accompanied by His own associates, descend in a golden form to the earth. He will teach the chanting of His own names.


(24). When exactly does He come in the kali-yuga, and where does He specifically appear and what will He do?
In the Atharva Veda, the Supreme Person says:
itotham krta sannyaso’vatarisyami sa-guno nirvedoniskamo bhu-girvanas tira-atho’ lakanandayah kalaucatuh-sahasrabdhopari panca-sahasrabhyantaregaura-varno dirghangah sarva-laksana-yukta isvaraprarthito nija-rasasvado bhakta-rupo misrakhyovidita-yogah syam

I will descend on the earth after the passage of four thousand years in the Kali-Age, [kalau chatuh sahasrabdhopari] and before the passage of five thousand years [pancha sahasra abhyantare]. I will come on the earth on the bank of the Ganges, [tira-sthahalakanandayah].

I will be a tall and saintly Brahmana devotee. I will have all the auspicious symptoms of an exalted person [dirghangah sarva-laksana-yuktah].

I will exhibit renunciation. I will have all auspicious signs. I will be a devotee, practicing bhakti yoga. I will taste the rasa of My own devotional service.

In the Sama Veda, the Supreme Lord says:
tathaham krta sannyaso bhu-girvano ‘vatarisyetire’lakanandayah punah punah isvara-prarthitah sa-parivaro niralambo nirdhuteh kali-kalmasa-kavalita-janavalambanaya

I shall come to the earth, accompanied by My associates, in a place by the bank of the Ganges. I will advent to save the people who are afflicted and devoured by the sins of the age of Kali. I will manifest as an Avadhut Brahman Sannyasi.



(25). What is the name of the place where the Supreme Lord appears?
The Chandogya Upanisad describes the place of the advent of the Supreme Lord Sri Krishna Chaitanya. In the Sabadvipa Dham Mahatmya (text 5) Srila Bhaktivinode Thakur explains:
tan-madhye daharam saksan mayapuram itiryatetatra vesma bhagavatas chaitanyasya paratmanahtasmin yas tv antarakaso hy antardvipah sa ucyate

The spiritual city in the shape of a lotus has the abode of Sri Mayapur as its heart. Sridham Mayapur is the divine abode of Lord Chaitanya, the Supreme Personality of Godhead. In the middle of Mayapur is the place called Antardvip.


(26). Are there any other relevant scriptural references in the vedas describing the appearance or qualities of Sri Krishna Chaitanya Mahaprabhu?
The Svetasvatara Upanisad (Ch. 6, text 7) describes the qualities of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Chaitanya:
tam isvaranam paramam mahesvaram tam devatanam paramam ca daivatampatim patinam paramam parastad vidama devam bhuvanesam idyam

O Supreme Lord, you are the Supreme Mahesvara, the worshipable Deity of all the demigods and the Supreme Lord of all Lords. You are the controller of all controllers, the Personality of Godhead, the Lord of everything worshipable.


Svetasvatara Upanisad Ch 3 text 12, 14
mahan prabhur vai purusahsattvasyaisa pravartakahsunirmalam imam praptim isano jyotir avyayah

“The Supreme Personality of Godhead is Mahaprabhu, who disseminates transcendental enlightenment. Just to be in touch with Him is to be in contact with the indestructible brahmajyoti. ”


Sri Chaitanya Upanisad (Chaitanyopanisad), text 5:
jahnavi-tire navadvipe golokakhye dhamni govindodvi-bhujo gaurah sarvatma maha-puruso mahatmamaha-yogi tri-gunatitah sattva-rupo bhaktim lokekasyatiti. tad ete sloka bhavanti

“The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Govinda, the supreme enjoyer, whose form is transcendental, who is beyond the touch of the three modes of material nature, and who is all pervading Supersoul residing in the-hearts of all living entities, will appear again in the Kali-age. Appearing as the greatest devotee, the Supreme Personality of Godhead will assume a two-armed form of golden complexion in His abode of Goloka Vrindavan manifested on the bank of the Ganga at Navadvip. He will disseminate pure devotional service in the world.
(27). The appearance of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu is further predicted in the following verses
Sri Chaitanya Upanisad text 6 says in what color the Lord will appear in the Kali-yuga, and what He will do:
eko devah sarva-rupi mahatma gauro rakta syamala-sveta-rupahchaitanyatma sa vai chaitanya-saktir bhaktakaro bhakti-do bhakh-vedyah

The Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is the master of all transcendental potencies, and who may be known only by devotional service, [bhakti vedyah] appears in innumerable transcendental forms. He has appeared in red, white and black complexions, [gauro rakta syamala sveta rupah] and He will also appear in the golden form of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. He will assume the role of a perfect devotee [bhakta akarah] and He will teach the conditioned souls the path of pure devotional service [bhakti dah].


(28). Chaitanya Upanisad, text 7 predicts the nature of the form of Lord Chaitanya and how He is understood
namo vedanta vedyayakrmaya paramatmanesarva chaitanya rupaya chaitanyaya namo namah

I offer my respectful obeisances unto Him, who is understood by Vedanta [namo vedanta vedyaya], who is Lord Krishna [Krishnaya], the Supersoul [paramatmane], whose form is fully transcendental and conscious of everything [sarva-chaitanya-rupaya]. We offer our humble obeisances again and again. [chaitanyaya namo namah]


(29). What is the result of understanding the divine position of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu?
Sri Chaitanya-Upanisad. text 8:
vedanta vedyam purusam puranam chaitanyatmanam visva-yonim mahantamtam eva viditva’ mrtyum eti nanyah pantha vidyatetyanaya

Knowing Him who is the object of knowledge in the Upanisads, the oldest person, the embodiment of consciousness, the source of the universe and the greatest of all, one crosses over death. There is no other path for going there.


(30). What will Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu do in this incarnation?
Sri Chaitanya-Upanisad. text 9:
sva-nama mula-mantrena sarvam hladayati vibhuh

The Supreme powerful [vibhuh] Lord Sri Krishna Chaitanya appears in His golden form, and He will fill the universe with bliss [hladayati] by the chanting of His own holy names [sva-nama-mula-mantrena].

(31). Which mantra will this yuga avatar chant?
Sri Caitanya Upanisad text 10.
sa eva mula-mantra japati harir iti krishna iti rama iti

Sri Krishna Chaitanya will chant the maha-mantra comprised of the divine names of Hari, Krishna and Rama, i.e., Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare.

(32). Quotations of Lord Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s bodily features according to some of the great devotees present at the time
Srila Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya, one of the foremost disciples of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu in Jagannath Puri, composed an entire series of prayers describing in detail the various features of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, called Sri Gauranga-Prati-Anga-Varnanakhya-Stava-Rajah, or the King of Prayers, proclaiming the glory of each limb of Sri Gauranga. Let us carefully present a few of these divine gems.

Lord Chaitanya’s bodily luster:
Srila Sarvabhauma Bhattacharya, a great scholar of his time, who later became a disciple of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, has described the complexion of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s body.

tapta hema dyutim vande kali-krishnam jagad-gurumcaru-dirgha-tanum srimac chaci-hrdaya-nandanam

I worship Lord Krishna, the spiritual master of the universe, who appears in the age of Kali with a luster like molten gold. His body is beautiful and tall. He is like molten gold, and He is the delight and the son of Sachidevi.


Srila Prabodhananda Sarasvati Thakura also describes Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s golden complexion.
ananda lilamaya vigrahaya hemabha-divya-cchavi-sundaraya

O Lord Chaitanyachandra, O Lord whose form is full of blissful pastimes, O Lord whose complexion is as splendid as gold…

Srila Krishna das Kaviraj Goswami similarly describes Lord Chaitanya:
tapta hema sama kanti prakanda sarira

…the luster of His expansive body resembles molten gold…

Prabodhananda Sarasvati further describes Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s golden complexion.
svayam devo yatra-kanaka-gaurah karunaya

“His complexion is as fair as molten gold.”

Sri Chaitanya’s beautiful hair:
lasan-mukha-lata-naddha charu-kuncita-kuntalam

“His lovely curling locks are interwoven with creepers of glistening pearls…”

Sri Chaitanya’s shoulders and chest:
Prabhodananda Sarasvati Thakura describes the shoulders of Sriman Mahaprabhu as simha skandham…“whose shoulders are like a lion…”

Srila Krishna das Kaviraj Goswami also points out the nature of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s shoulders and voice:

simha griva simha-virya simhera hunkar – “He has the shoulders of a lion, the powers of a lion, and the loud voice of a lion.”

Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s arms reach all the way to His knees:

ajanulambita bhumau kanaka vadatau

And kankanangada-vidyoti-janu-lambi-bhaja-dvayam – “….His two arms, glittering with bracelets and bangles, extend down to His knees.”

Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s face:
prema-pravaha-madhura raktotpala-vilocanam
h la-prasuna-susnigdha nutanayata-nasikam

Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s beautiful eyes are just like reddish lotus flowers. They are most beautiful, just like lakes of Krishna Prema. His nose is arched and is resplendent just like the sesame flower.
sri-ganda-mandollasi ratna-kundala-manditam
savya-karna-suvinyasta sphurac-caru-sikhandakam

Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s cheeks are round and they shine brilliantly. He wears jeweled earrings. He has a peacock feather placed near His left ear.
madhura-sneha-susnigdha praraktadhara-pallavam
isad-danturita-snigdha sphuran-mukta-radoijvalam

Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu’s lips are tender and very lustrous. They resemble reddish blossoming flowers. He reveals his pearl-like teeth out His kindness.

Chaitanya-Charitamrita, Adi-Lila 3.77
sankirtana-pravartaka sri krma-chaitanya sankirtana-yajne tanre bhaje sei dhanya

“Lord Sri Krishna Chaitanya is the initiator of sankirtana [congregational chanting of the holy name of Lord Krishna]. One who worships Him through sankirtana is fortunate indeed”


***

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