"Pada Seva means to serve the lotus feet of Guru and Krishna.You cannot serve Krishna without Guru, or serve just Guru without serving Krishna. They must be served or offered pada seva simultaneously." - Srila Prabhupada

  • "A highly advanced Vaisnava lives in such a way that no one can understand what he is or what he was." (Srimad-Bhagavatam, 7.3.14, Purport)
  • "... there is nothing as profitable as the association of pure devotees." (Teachings of Lord Caitanya, Page 341)
  • "By the mercy of the spiritual master one receives the benediction of Krsna. Without the grace of the spiritual master, one cannot make any advancement." (Sri Sri Gurv-astaka, Verse 8)
  • "A pure devotee cannot forget the Supreme Lord for a moment, and similarly, the Supreme Lord cannot forget His pure devotee for a moment." (Bhagavad-gita As It Is, 8.15, Purport)
  • "The Spiritual Master is present wherever his sincere disciple is trying to serve his instructions. " (Srila Prabhupada letter, 12/01/73)
  • "I was born in the darkest ignorance, and my spiritual master opened my eyes with the torchlight of knowledge. I offer my respectful obeisances unto him." (Sri Guru Pranama)
  • "My dear Partha, one who claims to be My devotee is not so. Only a person who claims to be the devotee of My devotee is actually My devotee." (Lord Krsna, Adi Purana)
  • "Pure devotees of the Lord are more powerful than the waters of the sacred river Ganges. One can derive spiritual benefit out of prolonged use of the Ganges waters. But one can be sanctified at once by the mercy of a pure devotee of the Lord." (Srimad-Bhagavatam, 1.1.15, Purport)
  • "No one can approach the Supreme Personality of Godhead directly. One must approach Him through His pure devotees." (Nectar of Devotion, Chapter 12)
  • "Real knowledge can be obtained from a person who is in perfect Krsna consciousness. Therefore, one has to seek out such a bona fide spiritual master and, under him, learn what Krsna consciousness is. The spiritual master can drive away all nescience, as the sun drives away darkness." (Bhagavad-gita As It Is, 5.16, Purport)

Pushpa Abhishek | Pusya Abhishek | ISKCON Kolkata | 2020

Pushpa Abhishek of Lord Krishna is the festival of bathing Krishna with Pushpa (or flowers). The festival of Pushpa Abhishek originates from a particular Vrindavan pastime. It so happened that all the Gopis decided among themselves to decorate Lord Sri Krishna with the flowers of Vrindavan out of love, affection and gratitude.


Pushpa Abhishek | Pusya Abhishek | ISKCON Kolkata | 2020

Pushpa Abhishek of Lord Krishna - 2020

By the mercy of Pure Devotees like Srila Prabhupada, the western world is no longer bereft of the love for Krishna. Devotees of Lord Krishna, across the world, celebrate this day with great love and affection. Just like other temples, ISKCON Kolkata celebrated this great festival with great enthusiasm. 

Devotees across the city, came together to participate in the loving service of the lord.

Sharing a few wonderful glimpses of the Pushpa Abhishek Celebration in ISKCON Kolkata, 2020, for everyone's pleasure.

Please watch the slideshow & enjoy the spectacular event.

You may view the photo album by clicking on the link given below:
https://photos.app.goo.gl/xRPUqsmF9c5AYVEJ8




As the calendar for a new year starts, let us pray and get inspired from the mood of Gopis, let us make the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Sri Krishna as the center of our life and all our activities.

***

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Gita Life | Spiritual Course | Bhagavad Gita


Gita_Life_Spiritual_Course_Bhagavad_Gita_1_padaseva.in


The Bhagavad-gita is universally renowned as a timeless masterpiece of spiritual wisdom. Gita's seven hundred concise verses provide a definitive guide to the science of self-realization. No other philosophical or spiritual work reveals, in such a lucid and profound way, the nature of consciousness, the self, the universe and the Supreme. For thousands of years, Bhagavad Gita has inspired and enlightened millions of people with its ancient yet thoroughly timely message.

Endorsed by greats such as Mahatma Gandhi and Albert Einstein, the knowledge of the Bhagavad Gita is a must for any spiritual seekers, yogis and people interested to dive deeper in the deeper meaning of meditation.

“Gita Life” is an 8-week course providing a chapter-by-chapter summary, giving pertinent themes and life lessons from this historical epic. There are also insights into the culture and practice of this ancient tradition including meditation, music and drama.

Starting from Sunday, 12th January 2020
5:30pm-7pm

An 8-week course providing a chapter-by-chapter summary, giving pertinent themes and life lessons followed by Vegan Meal

Admission: Rs 400 for an individual for 8 sessions, Rs 600 for couples, for admission into the course

Partha Institutions 
Pride Plaza Hotel, Newtown.

Gita_Life_Spiritual_Course_Bhagavad_Gita_2_padaseva.in

Join the course - pass the information to your loved ones.


At Your Service,
Pada Seva.




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Newton's Story | Big Bang Theory | Evolution of Our Universe | The Truth: God or Evolution

When thoughtful humans look into the dark sky and witness moon and numerous illuminating stars, they immediately split into two groups - One who recognizes The Creator and One who theorizes the Evolution of Our Universe.

Sharing a story from the life of Sir Isaac Newton

Source: The Truth: God or evolution? 
by Marshall and Sandra Hall, Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI


Sir Issac Newton's Story


Sir Isaac had an accomplished artisan fashion for him a small scale model of our solar system, which was to be put in a room in Newton's home when completed. The assignment was finished and installed on a large table. The workman had done a very commendable job, simulating not only the various sizes of the planets and their relative proximities, but also so constructing the model that everything rotated and orbited when a crank was turned. It was an interesting, even fascinating work, as you can imagine, particularly to anyone schooled in the sciences.



Newton's atheist-scientist friend came by for a visit. Seeing the model, he was naturally intrigued and proceeded to examine it with undisguised admiration for the high quality of the workmanship. 

"My, what an exquisite thing this is!" he exclaimed. "Who made it?

Paying little attention to him, Sir Isaac answered, "Nobody.

Stopping his inspection, the visitor turned and said, "Evidently you did not understand my question. I asked who made this.

Newton, enjoying himself immensely no doubt, replied in a still more serious tone, "Nobody. What you see just happened to assume the form it now has.

"You must think I am a fool!" the visitor retorted heatedly, "Of course somebody made it, and he is a genius, and I would like to know who he is!

Newton then spoke to his friend in a polite yet firm way: "This thing is but a puny imitation of a much grander system whose laws you know, and I am not able to convince you that this mere toy is without a designer or maker; yet you profess to believe that the great original from which the design is taken has come into being without either designer or maker! Now tell me by what sort of reasoning do you reach such an incongruous conclusion?"

Newton's friend quickly understood how foolish he had been. He realized that there had to be a Master Designer and Creator for everything! 

It is not difficult for a logical human to accept the existence of God if one observes the world with an open mind.

***
For more thought-provoking observations, please read our articles -
Existence of God: See the magic around !!!
Existence of God: Simple observation of the world.

***

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The six blind men & the elephant.

The Blind Men and the Elephant is a famous Indian fable that tells the story of six blind men that come across different parts of an elephant in their life journeys. Let us understand the deeper aspect of the story and avoid becoming one of them.








Six Blind Men and the Elephant 



A long time ago, in the valley of the Brahmaputra in India there lived six men who were much inclined to boast of their wit and lore. Though they were no longer young and had all been blind since birth, they would compete with each other to see who could tell the tallest story. 

One day, however, they fell to arguing. The object of their dispute was the elephant. Now, since each was blind, none had ever seen that mighty beast of whom so many tales are told. So, to satisfy their minds and settle the dispute, they decided to go and seek out an elephant. 

Having hired a young guide, Dookiram by name, they set out early one morning in a single file along the forest track, each placing his hands on the back of the man in front. It was not long before they came to a forest clearing where a huge bull elephant, quite tame, was standing contemplating his menu for the day. 

The six blind men became quite excited; at last they would satisfy their minds. Thus it was that the men took turns to investigate the elephant's shape and form. 

As all six men were blind, neither of them could see the whole elephant and approached the elephant from different directions. After encountering the elephant, each man proclaimed in turn: 

'O my brothers,' the first man at once cried out, 'it is as sure as I am wise that this elephant is like a great mud wall baked hard in the sun.

'Now, my brothers,' the second man exclaimed with a cry of dawning recognition, 'I can tell you what shape this elephant is - he is exactly like a spear.

The others smiled in disbelief. 

'Why, dear brothers, do you not see,' said the third man -- 'this elephant is very much like a rope,' he shouted. 

'Ha, I thought as much,' the fourth man declared excitedly, 'This elephant much resembles a serpent.

The others snorted their contempt. 

'Good gracious, brothers,' the fifth man called out, 'even a blind man can see what shape the elephant resembles most. Why he's mightily like a fan.

At last, it was the turn of the sixth old fellow and he proclaimed, 

'This sturdy pillar, brothers of mine, feels exactly like the trunk of a great areca palm tree.

Of course, no one believed him. 

Their curiosity satisfied, they all linked hands and followed the guide, Dookiram, back to the village. Once there, seated beneath a waving palm, the six blind men began disputing loud and long. Each now had his own opinion, firmly based on his own experience, of what an elephant is really like. For after all, each had felt the elephant for himself and knew that he was right! 

***

People who are attempting to understand The Absolute Truth, The God, on their own endeavor, by their mental speculation, are in no better situation than these blind men. Just as each one of the blind men grabbed one part of the elephant and assumed a shape for elephant, many time these mental speculators feel or grab one aspect of the Absolute Truth and hence they get bewildered,  confused and hence doesn't get a complete picture of the Absolute Truth.

Just as it happened with the blind men, each was firmly believing their assumption about the elephant, mental speculators also have a firm belief about their speculation about God. This is the prime reason for disrespecting other religions and hatred and intolerance. If the blind men were wise, they should have understood their limitations & approached their guide, Dookiram, the one who had eyes. Similarly, even we should give up fruitless attempt of mental speculation and surrender to a wise man, whose spiritual eyes are wide open.

This is why scriptures repeatedly insist on accepting knowledge in a proper disciplic succession.


The Supreme Self can never be known by any amount of argument, reasoning, intelligence, or by much hearing. 
(Katha Upanishad 1.2.23)

Only unto those great souls who serve the spiritual master and the Lord with implicit faith is the import of the Vedas fully revealed. 
(Svetasvatara Upanishad 6.23)

Just try to learn the truth by approaching a spiritual master. Surrender to him and inquire from him and render service at his lotus feet. The self-realized soul can impart knowledge unto you, for he has seen the truth. 
(Bhagavad-gita 4.34)

In the Padma Purāṇa it is clearly said,

sampradaya vihina ye mantras te nisphala matah
atah kalan bhavisyanti catvarah sampradayinah


If one does not follow the four recognized disciplic successions, his mantra or initiation is useless. In the age of Kali there will be four sampradayas.

In other words, if one desires to take up spiritual life, it is imperative that one follows a genuine sampradaya. Otherwise, our condition will be like "The blind leading the blind".


Please read our article to know about Sampradaya.


Summary of lessons learned:
  1. We must Know & Understand our weaknesses.
  2. Approach a person who does not have that weakness,i.e, for the blinds: they should have approached their guide, Dookiram, the one who had eyes., for us, we should surrender to a wise man, whose spiritual eyes are wide open.

***

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Qualities of Krishna

Qualities of Krishna - An answer to Why Krishna is The Supreme Personality of Godhead, what are the sixty-four (64) qualities of Krishna, what are the qualities of Vishnu, Siva and Brahma.

Qualities of Krishna


The Divine and Transcendental Qualities of Krishna


ananta kṛṣṇera guṇa, cauṣaṭṭi — pradhāna
eka eka guṇa śuni’ juḍāya bhakta-kāṇa

“The transcendental qualities of Lord Kṛṣṇa are unlimited. Out of these, sixty-four are considered prominent. The ears of the devotees are satisfied simply by hearing all these qualities one after the other.
[Sri Caitanya Caritamrita - Madhya-līlā 23.69] 
Attempting to analyze the transcendental qualities of Krishna is like counting the ocean waves. Like Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, who is Krishna Himself , has said - Krishna has unlimited qualities. Out of which 64 are most prominent. This article will be attempting to discuss on these 64 qualities.

ahaṁ sarvasya prabhavo
mattaḥ sarvaṁ pravartate
iti matvā bhajante māṁ
budhā bhāva-samanvitāḥ

I am the source of all spiritual and material worlds. Everything emanates from Me. The wise who perfectly know this engage in My devotional service and worship Me with all their hearts.
[Bhagavad Gita - 10.8]

na me viduḥ sura-gaṇāḥ
prabhavaṁ na maharṣayaḥ
aham ādir hi devānāṁ
maharṣīṇāṁ ca sarvaśaḥ

Neither the hosts of demigods nor the great sages know My origin or opulences, for, in every respect, I am the source of the demigods and sages.
[Bhagavad Gita - 10.2]
From the above verses of Bhagavad Gita, one can clearly understand Krishna as the Origin of entire creation, including all Demi-Gods and Sages.

ete cāṁśa-kalāḥ puṁsaḥ
kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayam
indrāri-vyākulaṁ lokaṁ
mṛḍayanti yuge yuge

All of the above-mentioned incarnations are either plenary portions or portions of the plenary portions of the Lord, but Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa is the original Personality of Godhead. All of them appear on planets whenever there is a disturbance created by the atheists. The Lord incarnates to protect the theists.
[Srimad Bhagavatam 1.3.28] 
From the above verse of Srimad Bhagavatam, one can clearly understand Krishna as The Original Personality of Godhead and as the fountainhead of all incarnations including Balaram, Narayan, Vishnu.



Three Tattvas - Vishnu, Siva and Jiva




So Krishna is the original living entity and from Him emanates many other living entities, which can be classified in three grades, as explained below

For example, some electric bulbs have the power of one thousand candles, some have the power of five hundred candles, some the power of one hundred candles, some fifty candles, etc., but all electric bulbs have light. Light is present in every bulb, but the gradations of light are different. Similarly, there are gradations of Brahman. The Viṣṇu svāṁśa expansions of the Supreme Lord in different Viṣṇu forms are like lamps, Lord Śiva is also like a lamp, and the supreme candle power, or the one-hundred-percent light, is Kṛṣṇa. The viṣṇu-tattva has ninety-four percent, the śiva-tattva has eighty-four percent, Lord Brahmā has seventy-eight percent, and the living entities are also like Brahmā, but in the conditioned state their power is still more dim. There are gradations of Brahman, and no one can deny this fact.
[Srimad Bhagavatam 4.1.15 - Purport ]


The Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krishna, is the origin. 

According to the Vedic conception, there are two types of expansions: 
  1. God's personal expansions, called viṣṇu-tattva,  
  2. His partial part-and-parcel expansions, called jīva-tattva. 
There are many varieties of personal expansions: puruṣa-avatāras, śaktyāveśa-avatāras, manvantara-avatāras, and so on. 

For the creation of this material world, the Lord expands as Brahmā, Viṣṇu, and Maheśvara (Śiva). 

Viṣṇu is a personal expansion, and Brahmā is a jīva-tattva expansion. Even we and all demigods fall under this category. Between the personal viṣṇu-tattva expansions and the jīva-tattva expansions is a kind of intermediate expansion called Śiva, or Maheśvara. 



Qualities of Jiva Tattva




Out of the 64 Qualities of Krishna, the first fifty (50) qualities may appear partially in Jiva. These will be more prominent in Lord Brahma, however for us in a conditioned state, these might not manifest in full. 

jīveṣv ete vasanto ’pi
bindu-bindutayā kvacit
paripūrṇatayā bhānti
tatraiva puruṣottame

‘These qualities are sometimes very minutely exhibited in living beings, but they are fully manifested in the Supreme Personality of Godhead.’
[Sri Caitanya Caritamrita - Madhya-līlā 23.77] 




Qualities of Siva Tattva




The above mentioned qualities are also present in demigods like Lord Siva. Apart from above 50, 5 more Qualities of Krishna partially appear in Siva Tattva, so total of 55 qualities out of 64 qualities of Krishna.

atha pañca-guṇā ye syur
aṁśena giriśādiṣu

‘Apart from these fifty qualities, there are five other qualities found in the Supreme Personality of Godhead that are partially present in demigods like Śiva.
[Sri Caitanya Caritamrita - Madhya-līlā 23.77] 




Qualities of Vishnu Tattva




All the above qualities appear in full in Visnhu Tattva (Personal expansion of Krishna - like Narayan, Vishnu, Narasimha Dev etc). Apart from above 55, 5 more Qualities of Krishna are present in Vishnu Tattva. So Vishnu Tattva has 60 qualities out of 64 qualities of Krishna.

athocyante guṇāḥ pañca
ye lakṣmīśādi-vartinaḥ
avicintya-mahā-śaktiḥ
koṭi-brahmāṇḍa-vigrahaḥ


There are another five qualities, which exist in the Vaikuṇṭha planets in Nārāyaṇa, the Lord of Lakṣmī. These qualities are also present in Kṛṣṇa, but they are not present in demigods like Lord Śiva or in other living entities.
[Sri Caitanya Caritamrita - Madhya-līlā 23.80] 




List of Qualities - Jiva Tattva




  1.  Beautiful features of the entire body
  2.  Marked with all auspicious characteristics
  3.  Extremely pleasing
  4.  Effulgent
  5.  Strong
  6.  Ever youthful
  7.  Wonderful linguist
  8.  Truthful
  9.  Talks pleasingly
  10.  Fluent
  11.  Highly learned
  12.  Highly intelligent
  13.  Genius
  14.  Artistic
  15.  Extremely clever
  16.  Expert
  17.  Grateful
  18.  Firmly determined
  19.  An expert judge of time and circumstances
  20.  Sees and speaks on the authority of Vedas, or scriptures
  21.  Pure
  22.  Self-controlled
  23.  Steadfast
  24.  Forbearing
  25.  Forgiving
  26.  Grave
  27.  Self-satisfied
  28.  Possessing equilibrium
  29.  Magnanimous
  30.  Religious
  31.  Heroic
  32.  Compassionate
  33.  Respectful
  34.  Gentle
  35.  Liberal
  36.  Shy
  37.  The protector of surrendered souls
  38.  Happy
  39.  The well-wisher of devotees
  40.  Controlled by love
  41.  all-auspicious
  42.  Most powerful
  43.  all-famous
  44.  Popular
  45.  Partial to devotees
  46.  Very attractive to all women
  47.  all-worship able
  48.  all-opulent
  49.  all-honourable
  50.  The supreme controller.




List of Extra - Qualities - Siva Tattva




Besides all of the above-mentioned fifty qualities, Lord Krishna possesses five more, which are sometimes partially manifested in Lord Siva. These transcendental qualities are as follows:


  1.  Changeless
  2.  all-cognizant
  3.  Ever fresh
  4.  sac-cid-ananda (possessing an eternal blissful body
  5.  Possessing all mystic perfections.




List of Extra - Qualities - Vishnu Tattva




Krishna also possesses five other qualities, which are manifest in the body of Narayana / Vishnu, and they are listed as follows:


  1.  He has inconceivable potency.
  2.  Uncountable universes generate from His body.
  3.  He is the original source of all incarnations.
  4.  He is the giver of salvation to the enemies whom He kills.
  5.  He is the attractor of liberated souls.




List of Extra - Qualities - Krishna




Besides these sixty transcendental qualities, Krishna has four more, which are not manifested even in the Vishnu / Narayana form of Godhead, what to speak of the demigods or living entities. They are as follows:


  1.  He is the performer of wonderful varieties of pastimes (especially His childhood pastimes
  2.  He is surrounded by devotees endowed with wonderful love of Godhead.
  3.  He can attract all living entities all over the universes by playing on His flute.
  4.  He has a wonderful excellence of beauty which cannot be rivaled anywhere in the creation.



Therefore we can summarize as

Qualities_Of_Krishna_Vishnu_Shiva_Jiva_PadaSeva.in

Lord Krishna.         64 qualities or 100%
Vishnu Tattva.        60 qualities or ~94%
Shiva Tattva.           54 qualities or ~84%
Jiva Tattva.             50 qualities or ~78%

To know more about Krishna who is also known as Param Purushottam, Purnavatar or Supreme Personality of Godhead, please read our article - Is Krishna Avatar of Vishnu?

***


Reference from Srimad Bhagavatam 1.3.28:

Learned scholars in transcendental subjects have carefully analyzed the summum bonum Krsna to have sixty-four principal attributes. All the expansions or categories of the Lord possess only some percentages of these attributes. But Sri Krsna is the possessor of the attributes cent percent. 

And His personal expansions such as svayam-prakasa, tad-ekatma up to the categories of the avataras who are all visnu-tattva, possess up to ninety-three percent of these transcendental attributes. 

Lord Siva, who is neither avatara nor avesa nor in between them, possesses almost eighty-four percent of the attributes. 

But the jivas, or the individual living beings in different statuses of life, possess up to the limit of seventy-eight percent of the attributes. In the conditioned state of material existence, the living being possesses these attributes in very minute quantity, varying in terms of the pious life of the living being. The most perfect of living beings is Brahma, the supreme administrator of one universe. He possesses seventy-eight percent of the attributes in full. 

All other demigods have the same attributes in less quantity, whereas human beings possess the attributes in very minute quantity. The standard of perfection for a human being is to develop the attributes up to seventy-eight percent in full.

The living being can never possess attributes like Siva, Visnu or Lord Krsna. A living being can become godly by developing the seventy-eight-percent transcendental attributes in fullness, but he can never become a God like Siva, Visnu or Krsna. He can become a Brahma in due course. 

The godly living beings who are all residents of the planets in the spiritual sky are eternal associates of God in different spiritual planets called Hari-dhama and Mahesa-dhama. 

The abode of Lord Krsna above all spiritual planets is called Krsnaloka or Goloka Vrndavana, and the perfected living being, by developing seventy-eight percent of the above attributes in fullness, can enter the planet of Krsnaloka after leaving the present material body.

Qualities_Of_Krishna_Vishnu_PadaSeva.in


***

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His Divine Grace A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada

This website is dedicated to His Divine Grace
A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
(Founder-Acharya of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness - ISKCON)

Pada Seva

Pada-Sevanam means to serve the lotus feet of the Lord and His devotees. It is one of the nine different processes of executing Krishna consciousness. This website is an offering from us to Srila Prabhupada in the same mood of Pada Sevanam, hence the name.

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